大发体育BBIN捕鱼大师

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        大发体育BBIN捕鱼大师

        大发体育BBIN捕鱼大师_游戏v1.0(送现金)

        时间:2020-04-07 05:32:02 作者:丁利婷 浏览量:947747

        大发体育BBIN捕鱼大师,Chinahasmadesignificantprogresstowardsfinancialsectorderegulationvialiberalizingbanklendingrates,expandingtheQFIIquota,increasingtheflexibilityoftheexchangerate,,includingbanklendingratesandexchangerates,arenowclosermarketequilibriums,andmarketm,Chinatructuralimbalancesduetooverregulations,Chinaneedsto:1)removecontrolsondepositrates;2)furtherincreasetheRMBsexchangerateflexibility;3)furtheropenupitscapitalaccount;and4)liberalizemarketaccesstothefinancialindustrybyremovingexcessiveandhavebeenwrittenintothethirdplenums"Decision",themostchallengingquestionishowtodesignthespecificreformprogramstbeonhighalertincludethefollowing,manyofwhichreflectlegacyissuesoftheoldsystem:,Chinaslocalgovernmentdebthasrisenquicklyinrecentyearstoabout32%,however,isthematuritymismatchbetweenlocalgovernmentliabilities(mostlyintheformofloansandtrustloans),thematurityofatypicalbankloanortrustloanis2-3years,whiletheprojectcashflowswillonlhtening,changeinprudentialregulationsonbanksandtrustcompanies,aswellasdeteriorationininvestorsentimentforwealthmanagementproducts(WMPs).InWesterncountries,theaveragematurityoflocalgovernmentdebtis7-10years,whichismuchclo,therewerenofailuresofbanksandtrustcompanies,andtherewereveryfewdefaultsofhighlyrisky(withriskssimilartojunkbondsinwesterncountries),trustcompaniesandWMPsareexceptionallystrong,butbecausemostofthesepoliticalsystemthatpenalieesofallbanks,trustcompaniesandWMPsleadtoincorrectpricingofcreditproductsissuedbysomeveryriskyborrowers,,,htsteptowardscorrectingthemispricing,,Chinasinterbankratesbecameveryvol,ahighvolatilityofinterestratestendstoconfusefinancialmarketparticipantsandcompaniesastowhatthemonetarypolicyintentionis,,asuddenspikeininterbankratescouldexacerbatethedurationriskf:theyhavedotowiththelackofcapacityinforecastingliquidity,lackofinter-governmentalcollaboration,theloan-to-depositratio,imprudentliquiditymanagementbybanks,shadowbankingactivities,aswellast,cross-bordercapitalflowsremainmanageableasformalcontrolsonQFIIandQDIIquotasremain,,assoonasthecapitalaccountisopen(,theQFIIandQDIIsystemsareabolished),large-scalecapitalinflowsand/oroutflowscouldleadtoexcessivevolatilityoftheexchangerate,destabilizethefinancialsystems,anddamagetherealeco"managedfloatingexchangerateregime",thevolatilityoftheRMB//7thatofMalaysianRinggit,1/13thatofKoreanwon,and1/,massiveinflowscouldresultifChinasbondmarketisopenedtoglobalinvestorsgiventhe2-3%interestratedifferentialbetweenChina)needtomovetowardsamoreliberalizationfinancialsystemsothattoimproveefficiency,and2)theneedtocontainanddefusetheabovementionedfinancialrisks,Chinats,alongwiththeplanedreformssuchasdepositratederegulationandcapitalaccountliberalization:,webelievethatakeyriskfacingthefinancialsystemistheexcessiverelianceoflocalgket,whichwillgraduallyreplaceloansandtrustloans,localgovernmentbondswithlongermaturitiesshouldaccountformorethan50%ofthefinancingsourcesforlocalgovernmentcapex(itisonly10%inChina).Tostartthereformprogram,Chinashouldmodifyitsbudgetlawtoallowindependentissuanceoflocalgovernmentbonds,establishacrediblecreditratingsystemforlocalgovernmentbonds,requirelocalgovernmentstopublishtheirbalancesheetsandmedium-termfinancialprojections,andestablishalegalframeworktoregulatetheapprovalprocedurebylocalpeople"manageddefaults".InaneconomyasbigasChina,afewfailuresofsmallbanksandafewdozendefaultsbyjunkbonds(orWMPs)peryearshouldbenormaland,indeed,,webelievethatregulatorsshouldpermitafewmoredefaultsofnon-standardWMPsintheremainderofthisyear,withsomemodestincreasesinthehaircut(fromthe7%haircutfortheCCTproduct)to,,10-20%.Theseeventsof"manageddefaults"maypotentiallypushupthefundingcostsby100-200bpsforhighlyriskyborrowers,buttheyarenecessaryforcontainingtheexcessiveborrowingviathetrustsector–bypricingoutsomeworstborrowers--andreducingsystemicrisks.ZhangLiqunChina,weshouldno,bytakingthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowthandtheintensifyingpressureofmarketcompetitionastheturningpoint,acceleratetheeconomicrestructuringan,suchastheunstabledemandintherealestatemarket,thedelayoftheprocessofurbanization,obstaclesagainstindustrialrestructuring,unclearpropertyrights,interestsandresponsibilitiesanddefectivefulfillmentofgovernmentduties,ralongperiodoftimeandisaleadingforceforexpandingconsumptionanddomesticdemandAtthepresenttimeandforalongperiodoftimeinthefuture,improvinglivingconditionsoftheChinesepeoplewi,carstockperthousandpersonshadreachedabout52inChina,whila,,(floorspace)inChina,whilethatofJapanandtheUnitedStatesamountedto42squaremeters(in2008)and74squaremeters(in2000),inclusiveofurbanizationprogress,fvitalimportancetoimprovingtheabilitytocombatexternalimpactandstabilizingeconomicgrowthSince2002,theconsumptionupgradingfocusedonhousitalretailsalesofconsumergoodshasexceeded50%.After2009,growthofdomesticdemandhasreliedtoalargee,particularlytheever-improvingcapabilityforthegrowthofconsumptiondemand,eofconsumptiongrowthsincethisyear3,,itispredictedthattheconsumptionwon,uncertaintiesmayincreaseevidentlsedonhousingandtransportationontoatrackofstableandsust(1)Linkinstitutionalbuildingcloselywithpolicyreadjustmentandguidehousingdemandtoastableandsusand,themostimportantistolevyhousingpropertytaxandthecapitalgainstax4,thatis,tolevytaxesonthos,weshouldactivelysupportandreasonablyguidethepurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownerstrativecontrolovermortgageloanssoastograduallyturntherigidpurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownersresidencesorforimprovinghomeownershousingconditionsintoaleadingforcebehindtherealestatemarketdemandandtoenhancethestabilityandsustainabilityofthegrowthoftherealestatemarketdemand.(2)ActivelycreateconditionsforentryofcarsintohouseholdsEndeavoringtoentercarsintohouseholdsisonthewholeinli,restrictingdisplacementandexhaustemissionsandlimitinguseofcars,weshouldimproveandstabilizepoliciestowardhouseholdcaruseasurbanizationUrbanizationprovidesthewidestspaceforsupportingChina,byOctober2010,Chinasurbanpopulation(permanentresidentpopulation)hadtotaled667million,%.InternationalcomparisonssuggestthatChina,whatmeritsattentionisthat,accordingtohouseholdregisters,Chinasnon-agriculturalpopulationreached450millionin2009,meaning,wewillgiveurbanhouseholdregisterstoabout500millionregister-freeurbanandruralpopulationsinChina,in31yearsfrom1978to2009,thenumberofpeo,weshouldbynomeansunderestimateChinasfutureurbani,governmentpublicserviceandlong-termplanforurbandevelopmentarethreebottleneckissuesrestrictingurbanizationprocess(1)AcceleratethereformofhouseholdregistrationsystemPilotpracticehasbe,themainproblemsexistintheopennessofthepublicwelfareandemploymentchancesthatarecloselylinkedwiththehouseholdregister,formofthehouseholdregistrationsystem.(2)EmphasisshouldbelaidonprovincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatustoexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsabilitytoofferpublicservicesToopenupurbanhouseholdregistration,wemustexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsonsystemtogetherwiththeacceleratedenhancementofgovernments,province-levelmunicipalities,provincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatus(%%ofallcities)accommodated32%formofthehouseholdregistrationsystemaswellasconstructionofgovernmentsutregistersinthesecities,wecouldexpeditetheenhancementofthepublicservicecapabilities,onthisbasis,integrateandstandardizethecontofthepublicservicesystemaccordingtourbanpopulationgrowthafterthehouseholdregistrationlimitationhasbeenloosenedsoastomatchtheimprovementoftheurbangovernmentpublicservicecapabilitiestotheneedforpopulationtransfertourbanareasandtoguaranteethegradualoverallopennessoftheurbanhouseholdregistrationsystem.

        ByChengGuoqiang,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo116,2011Sincethe1990s,withtherapidgrowthoftheChineseeconomyanditsstructuralchange,significantchangeshavetakenplaceinChina,realizinggraduallygettingindustrytonurtureagricultureandsubsidizingagriculturortandstructuralfeaturesofChinasagriculturalpoliciesinabidtoprovideabasisforpolicy-makingforfurtherimprovingChina,thecentralgovernmentmadeasignificantjudgmentthat"Chinahasonthewholeenteredintothestageofindustrysteppingupagricultureandurbandevelopmentbringingalongruralgrowth"andformulatedanumberofagriculture-friendlypoliciesmainlyaimedatrepealingagriculturaltaxes,animalslaughtertax,livestocktaxandtaxesonspecialagriculturalproducts,leavingfarmersexemptedfromataxburdenof120billionyuaneachyear;exploredwaysforofferingsubsidiestofarmers,includingdirectsubsidiesforgrainproducers,generalsubsidiesforpurchasingagriculturalsupplies,subsidiesforpurchasingsuperiorcropvarietiesandagriculturalmachineryandtools(knownas"FourSubsidies"),theamountofthe"FourSubsidies"(Table1)in2010;allcontrolovergrainmarketpricesandgrainpurchaseandsaleswereliftedandthepolicyofpurchasingandtemporarystockp,,pricesofwhitewheat,%,%%respectivelyandthoseofearlyindicarice,mid%,%%respectively(Table2);fiscalsupportforagriculturalbudgethasbeenincreasedbyawidemargin,incentivemeasureshavebeenpracticedovermajorgrain-producing,oil-producingandpork-producingcountiesandthesubsidieshavebeenincreasedtosupportsuchprojectsaskeywaterconservancyprojectsinlargeandmedium-sizedirrigatedareas,irrigationfacilitieslikesmallwaterconservancyworks,agriculturaltechnicalinnovation,seedstockbreedingandtherelevanttechnologypopularizationsystem,agriculturaltechnicalservice,preventionandcontrolofplantdis Fundsforthe"FourSubsidies"SpentinChinaSince2004(Unit:100millionyuan)99皇冠足球赛事ByLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo74,2012Sincetheimplementationofreformandopening-uppolicy,the"lowcostcompetitiveadvantage"hasalwaysbeenapower,theChineseeconomyhasenteredthe"highcostera"ngenvironmentofeconomicgrowthandactivelymeetthechallengeofthe"highcostera"."HighCostEra",,withtherapidadvancementofindustrializationandurbanization,%%,,withtherapideconomicgrowththerebytheChineseCitiesLandPriceDynamicMonitoringSystem,,212yuaninthefirstquarterin2005to3,,residential,andindustrialusewentuprespectivelyfrom2,006yuanpersquaremeter,1,184yuanpersquaremeter,and482yuanpersquaremeter,inthefirstquarterof2005to5,654yuanpersquaremeter,4,518yuanpersquaremeter,,,withtherapiddevelopmentofprocessingmanufacturinginChina,thedemandsforr02and2009,itsustainedthepaceofgrowthandincreasedeveryyearcompare,thepurchasingpriceindicesofrawmat%%%,%,%thanthoseinthepreviousyearsrespectivelyin2004,2006,(Taketheyear-on-yeardataas100)

        Figure2ChinasForeignTradeIncreasefrom1978to2010Source:ChinaStatisticalYearbookSinceChinaemergedastheworldssecondlargesteconomyaftergoingthroughthephaseoftryingtorapidlycatchupwithdevelopedcountriesbycuttingdownonconsumption,itish:one,thehighconsumption,seriouspollutionandhighemissionscausedbyheavyindustryfarexceedsthecarryingcapacityoftheresourceenvironment;two,theinternationalfinancialcrisishascauseddrasticshrinkageofforeigndemandwhichishardtoberestoredwithinashorttime,sothereistoomuchsurplusindomesticproductionwhichispartiallyattributabletointensiveinvestmentsmadeovertheyears;three,extensiveandinefficientproductionmodecanbarelystandthepressurecausedbythesurginglaborcostaswellascompetitionpressurewithotheremergingcountries;andfour,thescopeofintroducinganddrawingonforeigncountries,somefactorscharacterizingtheolddevelopmentmodecouldnolongersatisfytheneedsfordevelopmentinthenewstage,likethemechanism,system,productionandconsumpti,mechanism,stimulatingthevitalityandcreativityoftheindividualmarketplayers,upliftingthesystemscompatibilityandthegovernmentscapabilitytocopewithrisks,soastoultimatelyattainthegoalo,wemustfulfillthefollowingtasks:(1)Weshouldattachmoreimportancetocultivationanddevelopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesratherthanrelyonlargeenterprisesandkeyprojects;(2)Weshouldrelyoncoordinateddevelopmentoftheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustriesratherthanthesecondaryindustry,theheavyindustryinparticular,topropeleconomicdevelopment,withaviewofbenefitingfrombotheconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscope;(3)Insteadofrelyinglargelyoninvestmentandexporttopropeleconomicdevelopment,weshouldemphasizecoordinateddevelopmentamonginvestment,consumptionandexportwithparticularattentiontoenhancingconsumptionspulloneconomicdevelopment,protectandraisedomesticdemand;(4)Weshouldstressindependentinnovationratherthanabsorbinternationaladvancedtechnologies,anddevelopemergingindustries;(5)Weshouldshiftfromgovernment-orientedperformancetomarketorientedperformance,andbetterplayoutthemarketsregulatoryandself-disciplinaryrole;(6)Weshouldtransformfromregionalcompetitionmodetobalanceddevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareas,,therealeconomyistherecipientoffiniceandnewchallengesuponthetraditionalfinancingintermediarymode,onInitsmostfundamentalrole,financeservesasacenterinsocialcapitaltransactionanddistribution,channeli,Chinasfinancialsystemhasbeenaccustomedtothetradit:first,itisledbythegovernmenttoconductmajorprojectsbypoolingresources,givingrisetoindirectfinancingmechanismdominatedbymajorbanks;second,ittendstofavordevelopmentofcapital-intensiveindustrialsector,givingbirthtothebankcreditculturefeaturingmortgagingcollateralsasthemainwaytoforestallrisks;andthird,themanagementmodeisbasicallythesameforb,mechanismandcreditculture,thecapitalisboundtoflowintolargemanufacturingbusinessesandinfrastructurewhileforthetechnologyandtheserviceindustriesitishardtoobtainbanks-sizede:Theincompatibilityofthefinancialsystemisultimatelyreflectedinthelowefficiencyoffinancialservice.大发体育BBIN捕鱼大师ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo52,nChinahad,forlong,practicedadualistsystemforurbanandruralareas,,differentmechanismswereemployedtoprovidepublicservicesforurbanandruralresidentsandtheallocationofpubliccfinance,tovisionofruraleducation,medicalcare,socialsecurity,publicinfrastructureandotherpublicservices,boththe,proposedin1998,edeconomicandatbuildinganewsocialistcountrysidewouldbeamajorhistorictask,ruralcove,var,thesupportbypublicfinanceforruraldevelopmenthasbeenextendedfromtheformerrelativelynarrowagriculturalproductiontotheprovisionofruralpublicservicesandtheconstructionofpublicinfrastructures,andgraduallytoruraleducation,medicalcare,old-ageinsurance,culture,roadconstruction,,governmentsatalllevelandintensity,,comprehensivefreecompulsoryeducationhasbe,Chinabegantoincludeallruralstudents(includingthoseincountiesandtowns)acrossthecountryintothecoverageof"twoexemptionsandonesubsidy",,atotalof150millionruralstudentsreceivingcom,theycanhavefreetextbooksprovidedbythegovernmentandmillionsofpo,thenewruralcooperativem,ithasbasicallycoveredallrura,amin,,theexperimentonanewruralinsurancesystemwascomprehensivelylaunchedin2009toexplorehowtoestablishanewruralinsurancesystemincorporatingpersonalcontribution,,atotalof10,Chinahaslaunchedaprojecttorenovateramshackleruralhousesandprovidedsubsidy,theStateprovidedfiscalsubsidyfor800,,theconstructionofruralwater,electricity,road,naturalgas,Internetand~2010period,atotalof215millionruralpeoplehadgainedaccesstosafedrinkingwater,cts,focusingonthewater-savingtransformationinlargeirrigationareas,thedemonstrationprojectsonwater-savingirrigation,andthekeycouystemWhileChinahasmadegreateffortsandscoredsomeachievementsinequalizingbasicpublicservicesbetweenurbanandruralareasinrecentyears,theurban-ruraldisstillprominent,andthe,thesystemsoneducation,health,cultureandotherpublicservices,,bothsystemadjustmenandrurallooksisstillsharp(1)TheproblemofunsaferuraldrinkingwaterisstillprominentCurrently,therearetwomainprob,about220millionr0arededucted,Chinalanforruralsafedrinkingwaterprojects(2005~2015):thepopulationwhofailedtobeincludedinthenationalplanafterthere-evaluationbytheMinistryofWaterResourcesin2004,thenewlyaddedpopulationarisingfromwatersourcepollutionanddepletion,earthquake,higherstatewaterqualitystandardsandengineeringrelocation,andthenewlyaddedpopulationarisingfromtheexpandedcove,asengineeringconstructionadvances,theeasyprojectshavebeenlargelycompletedandmostoftheremainingpeoplearelivinginareasfarfromwatersources,wherewaterqualityispoor,topographyiscomplex,,mostprovincesandction.

        大发体育BBIN捕鱼大师--Q1economicanalysisandyearlyoutlookfor2012DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceAslightslowdownineconomicgrowthcontinuedintothefirstquarterof2012,aseinboththeinternationalanddomesticdemands,thedecelerationindicatestosom,certainpositivechangeshavetakenplaceintheworldeconomy,,structuraladjustmentandpricecontrol,itisnecessarytomaintainabasicallystableaggregatedemandpolicy,andatthesametime,launchamongothersareform-orientedsupplypolicytopromoteadjustmentsintheeconomicstructure;removeinstitutionalbarrierstoredressthedistortedresourceallocationandimproveefficiencyinoperation;pushforwardreforminbasicindustries,taptheunfulfilledpotentialingrowthandbuildthecapacityformoresustainableeconomicgrowth.Ⅰ.EconomicGrowthIsExpectedtoStabilizeFollowingaSlowdownDuringthefirsttwomonths,alowergrowthrateininvestment,consumptionandparticularlyevidentlyinexportanddestockingeffortsofenterprisesleadtoaslightslowdownineconomicgrowth,andalongwithit,,theworldeconomyshowssignsofrecovery,simportandexportgrowthslowedremarkablyinJanuaryandFebruary,%%,EuropeandJapangrewby12%,-%%%,%,2%%forexporttoLatinAmerica,ASEAN,AfricaandOceania,penedinternationaldivisionoflabor,thenationalorregionaleconomiesinteractwitheachotherinaprofoundwayanditishardlypossibleforthemajoreconomiestobe"disconnected",withanincreaseinitssizeandcontributiontotheglobaleconomicgrowth,theChineseeconomyisplayinganimportantroleindrivingforwardchangesintheworldeconomyandChinasdomsimportgrowthslowsdown,theexports,consumptionandemploymentofothercountrieswillbeaffected,,China%ofitstotal,thescaleofgeneraltradeisbiggerthanthatofprocessingtrade,privateenterpriseshaveincreasedtheirexports,theexternalandtheinternalimbalancesarealleviatedtosomeextent,andthetradesurplusinGDPhasdecreasedtolessthan3%.Changeshavsawadeclineinexports,,Chongqing,Henan,Anhui,,itisassociatedwiththeusualpracticeofforeigntradeenterprisestoimportmorethanex,,withunemploymentdecreased,householddebtratiofurtherreduced,consumerspendingcontinuingtogrow,realestatem,andthethree-monthaveragewasthehighestsince2008,,byinjectingliquiditythroughlong-termrefinancingoperations(LTRO),thoughitseconomicrecoverywasimpactedbypowershortageandYenappreciation,thecatalyticroleofpost-disasterreconstructionbecameprominent,a,variouscountriesbegantoeasetheirmacroeconomiccontroland,Chinashouldbeawarethatthepathtowardglobaleconomicrecoveryisstilltortuous,e,,developmentofemergingindustries,growthoftherealeconomyandmanyotherbasicissuesinthenearterm,an,theexportsofChinaareexpectedtoedgeuptoanannualgrowthrateof15%,higherthantheestimateof10%ymidyearAdecreaseindomest,,investmentinexpansionandreconstructionprojectsgrewatafasterpace,,duetoatimelaginpreviouslystartedconstructionprojects,realestateinvestmentmaintainedasignificantgrowth,butthefloorareasofhomesforsalewerearecordhi%,%,%ofthetotalinvestmentinfixedassetsandthusdecidedthegeneraltrendofinvestment.

        HeYupengSincemid-1990s,thetransformationofthetraditionalagriculturehasbeennotablyexpeditedinChina,featuringtheacceleratedtransferofagriculturallaborfernization,sincetheendofthe10thFive-yearPlanperiod,transitionalchangesbegantotakeplaceintherelationshipsbetweencapitalandlaborinputinagriculture,featuringfarmer-workersgettingequalpayasagriculturalemploysagric,in2007,thecentralgovernmentissuedthe"",puttingforwardviewsattherighttimeonvigorouslydevelopingmodernagriculture,notonlyseizingthecriticalmomentforadvancingagriculturalmodernization,but,eversince,systematicallycontinuingtheenhancementofthepolment,withtheLevelofModernizationBeingSteppedUpMarkedlySincemid-1990s,especiallysincetheendofthe10thFive-yearPlanperiodandthebeginningofthe11thFive-yearPlanperiod,thelevelofChinasagriculturalmodernizationmeasuredbymechanization,extensiveuseoffarmchemicals,msoftheoverallenvironmentforagricageoffarmlandstotheincreaseofyieldperunitareaandthecapitalinputhasplayedaleadingroleinthisregard.(I)RemarkableProgressinMechanizationAfter1993,especiallysince1998,,thetotalmotivepoweroffarmmachineryreached820millionkilowatts,whichalmostdoubledthatof1997and,,withtheimplementationofthehouseholdcontractresponsibilitysystemwithremunerationlinkedtooutput,themotivepowerofsmalltractorssurpassedthatoflargeandmedium-sizedtractors,:,largeandmedium-sizedtractorsdevelopedrapidly,withtheaforesaidratioofmotivepowerdroppingto2:,thenumberoflargeandmedium-sizedtractorsincreasedbynearly1millionoverthepreviousyear,whichwasequivalentto1/3ofalllargeandmedium-sizedtractors,andthemotivepowerincreasedby20millionkilowatts,amountingto1/,thenumberofcombinescameto39,000in1990,topped100,000in1997to141,000andreached743,000in2008,increasingby100,,intermsofthemeansofproductionofpeasantfamilies,t,themanpowerand,thenumberofdraughtanimalsownedeveryonehundredhouseholdsreached26,,thenumberofmotorvehiclesand,whichmorethandoubled.(II)Ever-increasingUtilizationofFarmChemicalsIn2008,~2003,theamountofchemicalfertilizersappliedincreasedbyanannualaverageof720,000tons,~,since2004,~2008,,,,,spending,in2008,theamountofchemicalf,%,theareaofthearablelandsinChinaaccountsfor1/10oftheworldtotal,yettheamountoffertilizersappliedbyChinamakesup1/4oftheworldtotal,andtheamountoffertilizersappliedperunitareahascometo2timesthatofthedevelopedcountries.(III)LevelofIrrigationSteadilyontheIncreaseIn2008,,increasingbyabout10millionhectaresover1992,makingup48%,,,withtheannualaverageofincreasereaching1millionhectaresorso,accountingfor40%oftheincreasescoredduring1992~,,,in2008,,upby14%,%oftheper-capitaagriculturalacreage,,,%.Intermsofwaterconservancyworks,thereisawiderspaceforthedevelopmentofirrigationandwater-savingagriculture.(IV)Ever-growingLevelofElectrificationIn2008,,,theruralp,th,sizingupthelevelofagriculturalelectrificationwithruralp,powerconsumptionforagriculturalproductionhasincreasedconsiderablyinrecentyears,,theproduc,%,,upby45%over1990.(V)SupplyofAgriculturalMaterialandEquipmentEnhancedRemarkablyThegrowingagriculturalmechanization,farmchemicalutilization,irrigationareaandelectrificationreflecttheincreasedinputandtheimprovedinfrastructurebythegovernmentandtheenhancedsupplyofagriculturalmaterialandeched6,,,after2004,supplyofagriculturalmaterialandequipmenttopeasantfamilieshasbeenevidentlyenhanced,withtheimmobilizationsincreasedbymorethan2,,ithasmuchtodowiththepoliciesenforcedbythegovernmentinrecentyearstostrengthenthesupportandsubsidytoagriculture....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo6,2013(Total4255)Theworldeconomyhaswitnessedswiftreform,theworldeconomygrowthpatternexperiencesmajorchanges,asreflectedinresurrectionoftradeprotec,itsinternationaleconomicandtradeenvironmenthadundergonemajorchanges,whichshowsomenewsignsinrecentyears:thedevelopedcountriesimplementthe"reindustrialization"strategy;theUStransfersitsstrategicfocuseastwardandpromotesthehigh-standardTPP;,the18thNationalCongressoftheCPCpointedoutthatChinaisstillinaperiodofstrategicopportunities,andsomemajodevelopitselfinisolationfromtherestoftheworld,therefore,judgmentoftheinternationalenvironmenthasadirectbearingonacountry,MaoZedongheldthatitwouldbenandinaccordancewiththeprincipleof"withmountainasthebacksupport,spreadingaround,andgoodcover-up",alotofin"ThirdFrontConstruction",thesecondgenerationofleadershipoftheCPCwithDengXiaopingatthecore,basedonanall-roundanalysisofthetheninternationalenvironment,heldthatpeaceanddevelopmentwerethemainstreamoftheworld,,theunderstandingoftheinternationalenvironment,differentasitmightbeinconcretesituations,wouldexertahugeimpactuponacountry,EastAsiahasseenlarge-scalerelocationofthelabor-intensiveandexport-orientedindustries,whichbrought"fourAsiantigers"successfullypursuedthedevelopments,theseeconomiesrelocatedtheirlabor-intensiveexportindustriesodeveloptheexport-orientedprocessingindustryan,Chinahasbecomeoneofthemostsuccessfulecon,withlowpercapitapossessionofresources,however,forquitealongperiodoftimeafterthefoundingnewChina,itoverlyreliedonexportofprimaryproductsforforeignexchangeearning,,Chinahasrisentobethelargestexporterintheworld,registeringgreatchangesintheexportmix–theexportoffinishedproductsreachingupto95%ofthetotal,electromechanicalproductsover60%andhi-techproductsmorethan30%.Inaddition,ChinahasovertakenUStobethelargestmanufacturerintheworld,knownasthe"WorldsFactory".AllthetremendouschangesareattributabletothefactthatChinahasgraspedtheoplyinjectsvitalitytotheworldmarket,butalsoprovidesimportantforeignmarketsconducivetothedevelopmentofChinasexport-orientedindustriesandthusdrivesrapidgrowthofChina,thedividendsresultingfromthereformintheUSandWesterncountriesamidstagflation,thepeacedividendscomingalongwiththeendoftheColdWar,thetechnologydividendsinducedbytheITandInternetrevolutionandtheinstitutionaldividendsofeconomicglobalizationbroughtaboutbythefoundingtheWTO,plusmanyotherfactors,haveledtoprosperityofUSamongothersexport-orientedindustriesandpresentedsignificantopportunitiesftionalfinancialcrisisfusedbytheUSsubprimecrisisin2007totallychangedChinaficit;Europeisboggeddowninsovereigntydebtcrisis;Japanseconomysuffersfrominsufficientdomesticdemandanddecliningcompetitivenesscausedbypopulationageing,largedeficits,,therapidlyrisinglaborcostinChinaiserod,Chinaisinfaceofchallengesofinsufficientdemandoftheinternationalmarket,butstill,,Chinafacessignificantopport,theResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationstheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilscomparativeadvantagesareundergoingprofoundchanges–itsnewlyacquiredadvantagesintermsofthelocalmarket,infrastructure,supportingindustries,andhumanresourcesratherthanlowlaborcosthavecometoattractmultinationals,inthenextdecadeChinawillbetheonlycountryworldwidethatb,themultinati,,tofurtheropenupthemarketandusehumanresourcesinChinahasbecomeamoreimportant,Chinamaintainsprosperity,exertingunpreceden,31%ofbusinessreStobethefirsttheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaattractedincreasingforeigndirectinvestmenttosuchanextentthatinthefirsthalfof2012Chinaovertoo,majorchangeshavetakenplacetotheforeigninvestmentstructure,asisshowninthephenomenathatmoreforeigndirectinvestmentgoestothemanufacturingindustrywithfairlyadvancedtechnologyaswellasmodernserviceindustryofhigheraddedvalue,andsomemultinationalshavemade:nearly50,000overseasChinesestudentsreturnedin2008,representingaonefoldincreasethanin2004,ormorethan1/6ofallthereturnedoverowardChinaisundoubtedlyconducivetotheupgradingChinasindustrialstructureandtheenhancementofthei,Chinahastheopportunitytoint,quitemanyWesternenterprisesfellintothequagmireofcapitalshortage,whichaffordedalotmoreopportunitiesf,Geelyhasrealizedthetransformationfromanuglyducklingtoawhiteswan;afteracquiringPutzmeister,Sanyhasgrowntobetheworld,throughmergerandacquisitionabroad,cantaketheinitiativetointegrateoverseasresourcesandmarkets,andobtainresources,technologies,researchanddevelopmentcompetence,internationalbrandsandworldmarketchannelsatalowcost,greatlyenhancingChinascapabilityofinnovationandinternationalcompetitiveness....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:AResearchReportonHigh-LevelProfessionalsFlowTrendinRelevantCountriesandRegionsAgainsttheBackdropofInternationalFinancialCrisis.大发体育BBIN捕鱼大师

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        ,oftheinterviewedenterprises,25sawtheirsalesrevenuegrowingrapidly(byover10%),38sawtheirgrowingsteadily(by5%~10%),13sawtheirgrowingslowly(by0~5%)%,only1islistedand4arestate-owned,%%%oftheirtotalemployeesduring2007~2011,%,theave,9sawtechnicallevelsoftheirmanufacturingequipmentlivinguptointernationaladvancedlevelsand13sawtheirsreachingtheadvanceddomesticlevels,suggestingthatequipmenttechnologiesareofvitalimportancetoproductqualityandcompetitivepower,%ofthetextileenterprisesinChinawereshortofworkersinvaryingdegreesand,inthefirsthalfof2012,%,,17ofthe81surveyedtextileenterprisesthoughttheyhadsufficienthumanresources,yetmostoftheenterprisessaidthatitwasquitedifficultforthemtorecruitgeneralandtechnierelargeenterprises,%ofallsurveyedlargeenterprisesand,3ofthe9enterprisesalsomentionedtheyhaddifficultyrecruitingskilledworkersandthatthenewrecruitswerelesscapable,suggestingthatproblemslikelaborshortageandinabilitytoretainpersonnelexistatlargeandtheproblemsarenotmuch,6ofthe17enterprisesthatheldthattheyhadsufficienthumanresourcessawtheirsalesrevenueincreasingbymorethan10%inrecent3yearsand10sawtheirsupby5%~10%,%,suggestingthatenterpriseswithgoodbusinessperformancearelessboggeddowninseriouslaborsh,19weremedium-sizedandsmallandmicro-sizedenterprises,makingup76%,suggestingthatlargeenterprisesaremoreattractivetotalentedpeople.

        吉安市发展和改革委员会

        Source:imWhatmeritsattentionisthattherapidhousingpricerisehasbegunto,inMarch,salespricesofthenewlybuilthomesin23second-andthird-tiercitiesincreasedbymorethan10%,fromJanuarytoMarch,,%,,,,%,pri%,yearonyear,,andthesalespr%,,theaveragecompositesalespriceofcommercialhousingcameto5193yuan,%veresultedinunreasonablehomeleasingandsalespriceratiosandhousingprice-to-incomeratiosinsomecities,erealestatebubbletomakeagrowingnumberofaverageresidentsunabletoaffordthehomesandtoarousepanicamongthepublic,leahangesontherealestatemarketandthehousingpri,,thelandreservestobedevelop%overthepreviousyear,,thehandsomeinvestmentearningsgainedbyrealestateenterprisesoverrecen,whichkeepsthebidding,,thelandpricerisehasfurtheredtherapidhousingpriceriseinneighboringareasandhasconstantlydrivenupthehousingpricelevelonthewholemarket,thusbecomingalead-uptothisroundofhousingpricerise.

        “云”审判 二年二个月!仙游法院依法重判一起口罩诈骗案

        ByLiGuoqiang,EnterpriseResearchInstituteoftheDRCResearchReportNo171,2010BoththePlanfortheRejuvenationoftheLogisticsIndustryandthe2010~2015PlanfortheDevelopmentofLogisticInformationTechnologyhavefocusedonthesocializationoflogisticsbusiness,thespecializationofbusinessoperation,theinformatizationofo,thefirstdealswithmultimodaltransportandtransialtransportisanimportantcomponentpartofrejuvenatingthelogisticsindustryanddransportinChinaandtheaddressingofsomeoftheprominentissuesfacingChinasmodernlogisticsindustry,especiallythelowoveralllevelandthehighoverallcost,isofdemonstrationsignificance,sMultimodalContainerTransportRecentyearshavewitnessedarapiddevelopmentofChina,000kilometersofdouble-deckcontainerpassages(whichcanbeextendedto20,000kilometers),18railwaycontainercentralstations,andmanycontainerhandlingstations,Chinahasmadeb,Ltd.(CRCT)hasbuilt18containercentralstationsacrossthecountry,whichhavethefacilitiesandfunctionsfortraintransport,loading,unloading,moving,warehousing,distribution,one-stopdoubleinspection,andinformationservice,andcouldprovidewarehousing,loading,unloading,packing,distribution,(twentyfootequivalentunit),cospecializedaccordingtointernationalstandards,andaytransporthasbecom,inwhichtwoo,,,multimodaltransporttakescontainerastransportunitsandintegratesdiffe,one-timecharging,one-timebilling,andone-timeinsurance,:withoneticketforthewholeprocess,a,,ithasbecomeanewandimportantmodeforinternationalcontainertransportandhdaconferenceinMay1980,atwhichtheUnitedNati,,theMinistryofRailwaysandtheMinistryofCommunicationsjointlypromulgatedtheRegulationtainertransport,develo,itenactedtheIntermodalSurfaceTransportationEfficiencyAct(1991,ISTEA),itenactedtheTransportationEquityActforthe21stCentury(TEA-21)topromoteandcoordinatemultimodaltransportintermsofmechanism,(1992),theBritishWhitePaperonTransport(1998)andtheJapaneseIntegratedPlanforLogisticsPolicies(1997)allprovidedvastdevelopmentspacetofullytaptheoverallefficiencyofmultimodalc,,creatingahighly-efficientorganizationalformformultimodalcontain"seamlessconnection",inspection,taxation,exchangesettlement,taxrebate,accountsettlement,(CAVELogistics),madeupof55smallandmedium-sizedtransportenterprises,increaseditsproductivityby30%anditsnewconsumersby80%andreducedtransportcostby25%,reduceinventory,reducecargodamageandotheraccidents,,safe,reliable,convenientandenvironment-friendlyandcanprovidetranspo,itcanplayatangibleroleineleentirecargotransportchafairlyhighratiooftransportearningsfromthewholeprocessofcargotransportandcanhelpintroducenewandadvancedtransporttechnologies.Figure4:GrowthofIndustrialValueAddedofVariousRegionsduringJanuary-August2012Whatmeritsattentionisthat,despitetherapidgrowthinChinaswesternregion,thetotalprofitsearnedbyenterprisesinman,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesinChinaswesternregion,thetotalamountofindustrialprofitsearnedby8regionsdecreasedascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,and5oftheregionssawthedecreaseinexcessof20%,andprofitsearnedbyenterprisesinZhejiangineasternChinaandthoseinHainandroppedby20%,thingswerebetterwithChinascentralregion,where5ofthe6provincesmaintainedapositivegrowth,%,allyandtheexport-drivenenterprisesfacethemostdifficulttimeinproductionandoperationInviewoftheultimatedemandimpact,growthofbusinessincomeandprofitsofinvestment-andexport-drivenindustr,salesin%fromJanuarytoAugust,%inthesameperiodoflastyear,,amongothers,suchasnon-metallicmineralproducts(buildingmaterials),smeltingofferrousmetals(ironandsteel),manufacturingofothertransportationandcommunicationequipmentandwastematerials,decreasedbynearly20%orhigheryearonyear,andtheprofitsofexport-drivenchemicalrawmat%%,%,whilesuchratiosofexport-drivenenterprises,exceptforthoseinvolvedinthemanufacturingofinstrumentsandmeters,,theprofitratiosofthech%%respectively,andsuchratiosofotherenterprisesinvolvedintextile,furniture,stationery%-%,showinganoperatingpredicamentonthewhole.ByGongSen,ZhangWenkuiChenChangshengResearchReportNo122,2010Ensuringandimprovingpeopleswell-beinginvolvesemploymentpromotion,incomedistribution,education,healthcare,housingguarantee,socialassistanceandsocialinsurance,andtheliableentitiesincludeindividuals,families,employingunits,ermsofeducation,healthcare,housing,,thefirstthreearebasicpublicservi~2015,irst30yearssincereformandopeningup,sassumethattheannualaverageexportgrowthrateis12%orsobetween2010~2015,~%during2010~2015period,thenaccordingtothepreliminarycalculationmadeatconstantpricesof2008,thedeclineoftheexpo~,,,basedonthedifferencesinaddedvalueratesofbothdomesticandforeigndemand,securityandthehouseholdconsumptionratearebothonthelowside,sdomesticdemand,investmenthasgrownhighly,,theimprovem,tofurthertapthelatentpotentialitiesforthegrowthofthxpenditureinclusiveofsocialinsurancefund,theproportionofexpenditureonbasicsocialsecurity(includingeducation,healthcareandhousing)intotalexpenditurespentbythegovernmentsofcountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000~%onanaverage(,,DC.),whilesuchaproportioninChinaregistered38%orsoin2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings).Comparingthetwopercentages,GDP,,healthcare,housingsecurity,socialassistanceandold-agelife,%(WangShanmai,"GivingPrioritytoDevelopingSocialSecurityRequiresUrgentInput",,January13,2009),2%(WHO,),1%(LiuZhifeng,"DevelopingLow-rentHousingIsaMoveforImprovingtheUrbanHousingSecuritySystem",,May25,2008),%(Weigand,,DC:WorldBank.)%[Asher,:,Robert,etal.(eds.)ClosingtheCoverageGap::WorldBank.]respectively,%,whileproportionsoffivetypesoffinancialexpenditurespentbyChinain2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings)%,%,%,%and0%respectively,%.ComparingthepercentagesbetweenChinaandtheaforesaidcountries,,,,,rsandthehouseholdconsumptionrate,thehouseholdconsumptionrateoftheEastAsiancountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000USdollarsorsoshouldbearound60%(/WDI.),%,ionofnationalincometoisprimarydistributionofitsnationalincome,theabsoluteincomelevelo,theincomegapbetweenregions,ruralandurbanareas,,someproblemsthatcropupintheprimarydistributionhav,slaborshareisbasicallyinlinewiththe"UCurve"(Inthecourseoftheeconomicdevelopmentinvariouscountries,thechangeoflaborshareinprimarydistributionshowstheUCurve,namely,thelaborsharedeclinesbeforeitrises,,LiuLinlinWangHongling:"UCurveofLaborShareEvolutioninGDP",EconomicResearch,1stIssueof2009)supportedbyinternationalstatistics,andthewideningincomegapbetweenChineseresidentsalsotallieswith"KuznetsCurve"(WangXiaoluFanGang:"AnAnalysisoftheTrendsoftheIncomeGapinChinaandtheInfluencingFactors",EconomicResearch,10thIssueof2005).AccordingtoKuznetsanalysis(Kuznets,,AmericanEconomicReview,)ofthechangingincomegap,asimilarityexistsbetweenChinaandthecountriesofmaturemarketeconomy,namely,industrializationandurbanizationwillinitiallycauseandaggravatethelowratioofthelaborshareinincomedistributionandthegrowingdisparityandwillyetimprovetheincomedistributioninthelongrun.FengFeiWangXiaomingCurrently,,theseplacesstilldonothaveaprofoundunderstandi,Chinashoulddeepenitsunderstandingofthelawsgoverningthedevelopmentofstrategicemergingindustriesandfocusitsenergyontheinnovationoftechnologies,commercialmodels,ustriesIngeneral,thelifecycleofanindustrycomprisesthreestages:takeoff,rstages:knowledge,technology,product,,,thedevelopmentofstrategicemergingindustriesobserveslawsthataredistinctivelydifferentfromthosegoverningthedevelopmentoftraditionalindustries,andthetakeoffsta,,,,anew-energyvehiclecanbeanelectricone,,athinfilmone,oraphotovoltaic/,,subversiveinnovationappearsoneafteranother,eachcausing"innovativedamage"totheformerandturningtheor,,,onlywheneffectivesupplyisprovidedcandemandbeformed(,theInternetofThings).Second,whenanemergingproductreplacesatraditionalone,itwillencountermarketbarrierssuchasthenear-perfectpropertiesandsoundservicefacilitiesofthetraditionalproduct(,whenelectricvehiclesreplacegasfuelvehicles).Third,thecostofanemergingproductinearlymarketizationisratherhighandlesscompetitiveundertheexistingmarketrules(,newenergies).Three,,innovativeenterprisesaresmallandhighlyactiveand,theinformationr,Ci,industrialchainstillhasnocleardivisionoflabor,andenterprisesmu,verticalintegrationistheleadingcorporateorganizationinthisstage,,investmentstendt,,forexample,thenew-energyvehiclesintheUnitedStateswereblockedbythethreeautogiantsandtheITrevolut,whetherastrategicemergingindustrycangrowdependsontwofactors:thedevelopmentoftechnologiesandtheconversionofresearchresults,dthetechnologicaluncertaintyinthetakeoffstagedeterminethatthedevelopmentofastrategicemergingindustryshouldneve,emphasisshoul,allotherleadingeconomiesareemphasizingthedevelopmentoftechnologieswhentheydevelopemergingindustries,andarecallingthem"emergingtechnologies"or"emergingindustriesandtechnologies".Wesuggestthe12thfive-yearplanshouldreplacetheterm"strategicemergingindustries"withtheterm"strategicemergingindustriesandtechnologies",twonewpolicyapproachesmaybeintroduced:One,,majori,alliancescanplayuniquerolesinintegratingeconomyw,insteadofbeingclosedsuchasthoseestablishedbycompetentgovernmentdepartments,,thegovernmentmayhavechartedtheleadingtechnologicalpath,insteadofadoptinganeutraltechnologicalpolicy,,aspecifict,thegovernmentcansupportitwithtechnologypurchase,,thegovernmentcanalsohelpsolvemarketentrydifficultiesbyadoptingdemand-endmeasuressuchasdemonstration,ductandanindustry,,,contractenergymanagementhasdevelopedintoabriskenergy-savingserviceindustrysimplybecausethiscommercialm,commercia,theInternetofThingsindustryinitsearlydevel,itrequirestheinno,therechargingmodialmodels,createaliberalatmosphereandenvironment,andremovemarketaccessbarriers,,duetotheamplifyingeffectoftheex,thegovernmentgingindustriesshouldbetakenasanexperimentalfieldforadeeperreformoftheadministrativesystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,ByWuPingGuShuzhong,ResearchTeamon"PoliciesofComprehensivePreventionandTreatmentforSoilPollution",ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReport,,2013(Total4483)hernregionofChinaisexpo,suchasInnerMongoliaandareasalongtheGreatWall,LoessPlateau,GansuandXinjiangareaandnortheastregion,theagriculturalsdheavymetalinsoil,thesoilinsouthwesterncarbonaterockaollution,contaminatedareasabandonedbyindustrialcompanies,wasteyardsofdifferentkinds,,largeareasofarablelandsufferfromcombinationoforganicandinorganicpollutionsandtheiracceptabl,a,cadmiumisamajorone;andamongorganicpollutants,DDTconstitutesthelion,cadmium,selenium,lead,chrome,arsenic,nickel,antimonyandzincsoilpollutionaswellasseverecombinedpollution,,irrationalpilingofresissoilpollutionbeginstospreadfromindustrytoagriculture,fromurbantoruralareas,fromthesurfacetotheunderground,fromtheupstreamtothedownstream,relatedwithmanyfactorssuchasthechemicalcompositionofthesoilparentmaterial,soilqualityandconstitutesamajorreasonfortheover-standardcontentofheavymetalinsouthwestern,velopedindustryandminingindustryattributabletoemissionsofwastegas,wastewaterandwasteresidualsfromoresmelting,coalcombustionandotheractivitiesOutdoorpilingandderatmosphericfalloutandrainfallandcausepollutionafteryears,/hectareofcadmiumtothesoileachyearinChangzhutanareainHunanprovince,%ndnon-pointagriculturalpollutioncausedbyfoulwaterirrigationPesticidesarethemajororganicpollutan,DDTandotherpesticidesremaininginthesoilforalongtimecanconcent,ehavebeenusedeachyearinChina,damagingthesoilstructure,hardeningthesoil,leadingtofarmlands,,includingdomesticandindustrialsewagewhichisnottreatedorbelowthestandardfordischargeandcontainspoisonousandharmfulsubstanceslikeheavymetal,ectlydisposedtosoilcanradiateandfunneltosurroundingsoilundertheeffectsofsunbaking,soharmthesoilsdecaycapacity,changeitspropertya,radioactivesubstancesgeneratedfromuraniumandthoriummining,uraniumenrichment,disposalofnuclearwaste,nuclearexplosion,nuclearexperiment,thermanvironmentalproblemoftheglobalconcern,asitnotonlyaffectsthesoilqualityandproductivity,butalsoharmsfoodsafety,peopledsafetyTheuseofalargeamountofchemicalfertilizersandpesticidescandecreasethecontentoforganicsubstancesinthesoil,har,especiallyheavymetalpollutionandlastingorganicpollution,cancausefoodsafetyissuesthroughabsorptionbyagriculturalcrops,,shealthPollutantsinsoilcanaccumulateinplantsandconcentrate,heavymetalcanaccumulateinsomehumanorgansandcausecancer,deformityandmutation,,theheavymetalwasresponsibleformanyshockingenvironmentincidents,suchasthe"itai-itai"diseaseinToyama,Japancausedby"cadmiumrice"and"Minamatadisease",manypollutionincidentsbrokeoutsuchascadmiumrice,bloodlead,chromicslagandarsenicpoisoning,incidencerateofmalignanttumorsincreasedyearbyyear,and"weirddiseases"qualityandproductivity,butalsocausesthepollutionofsurfaceandundergroundwater,degradationoftheatmosphericenvironmentanddeteriorationoftheeco-systemaswellasmanyotherseconda,withouttakindindustrialconstructionprojectsnorbenchmarksforevaluatingrisksoflandforresidence,tsandstaffaredeficientinsomeplaces,andmonitoringstationsareinsufficientinm,sluggishcirculationofmonitoringdata,,thesamplingdensityofsoilinvestigationconductedbytheMinistryofLandandResourcesis1point/km2,samplesfromeach4km2arecombinedandanalyzed,’ssoilpollution,butcanhardlyspecifythedistributionofheavymetalpollutionandthuscannotclarifytheaccurateintensityofsoilpollutionineacharea.

        宁波市发展和改革委员会 战略性新兴产业 企业知识产权保护专题研讨会顺利举行

        ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo21,2012ThecomingfivetotenyearsarecriticalbothforChinaseconomicdevelopmentandforthegoverningoftheCommunistPartyofChina,giventheinadequatereformingeffortsandconsequentlytheincreasinglycompl,anditishel,Chinaisatacriticalmoment,"top-level"designatatimewhentheTwelfthFive-YearPlanhasjust,,wehadtomakeclearwhatitsgoal,,,confusionsanddoubts,tendencyofreformcannotbech,wearefacingsomenewissuesincludingmanyacutecontradictionswhichimpedesustainableeconomicdevelopment,socialstabilityandunderminethefoundationofthePartysruling,Therefore,thetop-leveldesignwetalkabouttodayisnotmereaboutthe,itisproblem-oriented,morespecifically,itisdevelopedtosolveinstitutionalproblemsunderlyingtheunsustainabledevelopmentofChinaseconomy,eliminaterisksforChinaseconomywhentheglobaldemandsweakenafterthecrisisoftheUnitedStatesandtheslowdownofChinaseconomicgrowth,andresolvesocialinstabilitycausedbysevererementionedproblemsandformulatemeasures,,ssocialandeconomicfields,includingscience,educationandhealth,therearemandastheonefortheTwelfthFive-YearPlanperiod,noroneliketheReportont,wewouldliketotoucheverysectorandeveryaspect;however,someofsuchquesnancin,thetop-leveldesigndealswithkeyproblemswhichmayaffectthewholesituation,aimstosolvecoreissuesandcontradictionswhichhaveexistedforlong,andtriestosolvemajorproblemswhichmayimpedethestablegrowthofChinaseco,thetop-leveldesigndoesnthavetobeall-inclusive,icharegenerallythetoughestissuesandhavearousedmostdiscontentandimpededorwillimpedethesocialstabilityandstableeconomicgrowth,anditshouldeffe,ideologicalstraitjacketneedstoberemoved,,,itshouldstartfromthesupremeinterestofthecountrysstability,aimatsocialstabilityandsustainableeconomicdevelopmentanddirectlyfacewhateverproblemswemeetinapracticalandrealisticway,,wearetoblameforleavingsomanyeconomicprobl,thepastdecadehasprovedthatasChinahasbecomethesecondlargesteconomyintheworldintheprocessofglobalization,massiveandknowdecisionsItis,,thereareopinionsoverseasthatChinaseconsGDPwillsurpassthatoftheUnitedStatesi,,thetop-leveldesignshallnotsimplyregardthepessimisticideasaboutChinaas"conspiracies",butregardthemaswarnings,findoutpossibilityofsystematicrisksafterChinaseconomicgrowthslowsdownandworkoutsolutions;ontheotherhand,weshouldnotblindlybelievethoseoptimisticideas,,ncingtheworldsinvestment,,solutionsandpoliciesfortheseproblemscannotbeworkedoutbydivorcingfromrealityorbyputtingasideothercountriesconcerns,interestsandpossiblecountermeasuresfollowingtheriseofChinaandthepossiblechangesintheworldenvironment. ,,noclearsolutionshavebeenworkedoutinalongperiodoftimefortheuseofagriculturallandfornon-agriculturalpurposesandtheresidentiallandproblem,,rightsandinterest,butalsoinfluencetheunifiedlandplanningintheconstructionofthousandsoftownsinChina,,fromtheperspectiveofeconomicdevelopment,increasingfarmersincomebytransferofland-userightsisimportantfor,solvingproblemslikeforceddismantlingandpeoplesappealingtohigherauthoritiesforhelp,rich-poorgapbetweenruralandurbanareasandcorruptioncandirectlyinfluencethestabilityofthegovernmentesstimeforthecentralgovernmenttomakeupitsmindtosolvethisproblem,asithasb …Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

        威海市发展和改革委员会 新闻发布会

        sInternetofThingsIndustryIsInInitialStageandHasGoodBasisforDevelopmentCurrently,ChinaisoneofthefewcountriesintsInternetofthingsindustry,whichisnowintheinitialstageofdevelopment,hascertainindustrial,,ields,suchastransport,citymanagement,powergrid,oilandnaturalgasproductionandtransport,medicalservice,,ChinahasenteredanewstagetoactivelydevelopInternolidenoughInChina,mostindustriesrelatedtoInternetoftope,theUnitedStates,JapanandSouthKorea,Chinalagsbehindinthefollowingfieldsintermsofresearch,,roductsanditsownresearch,,itis"stronginthemiddleandweakatbothends".Thismeansthegapisfairlysma,sensingchips,othersensingtechnologiesandindustries,high-endsoftwareproducts,algovernmentsandlackshigh-levelandoverallplanningTherearenoclearframeworks,pathsandprioritiesfortheindustry,theyalldosoontheirown,,someregionalgovernmentshaveformulatedplansforthedevelopmentoftheInternetofthings,nhavedrawnuppla,pmentofInternetofthingsindustryInstitutionalme,,namelythetelecomnetwork,theradioandtelevisionnetworkandtheInternet,,,theinformationsystemsare,,,usersarenotenthusiasticaboutcutt,,thenationaltrunkgridsareinvestedbytheStateGridCorporationofChina,butregionalgridshavethreeinvestors:gridcompanies,,investmentsareseparatedfromearnings,cyInternationalexperienceindicatesthattheapplicationoftheInternetofthingstechnologyisguidedbydemand,basedoncostefficiencyanalysisandorientedtowardenergyconservation,,however,thefeasibilitystudiesfortheapplicationoft,andmanyprojectsemphasizeinfrastructureconstructionandfixed-assetinvestment,,,thecostefficiencyanalysesfortheInternetofthingsprojectsgenerallycomprisethecostsandefficienciesarisingfromallinfrastructureinvestments,withfewofthemfocusingorialchainslinksTheInternetofthingsindustrycomprisesthelinksofthedesignofapplicationplans,theconstructionofprojects,themanufacturingofsupportiveequipment,,theInternetofthingsismainlyusedinafewindustriesandcitiesforpilotpractice,,theyemphasizeinternalintegration,involngapplicationoftheInternetofthingstechnologyhascreatedhigherd,theindustriessuchastheInternet,sensormakingandcloud-computingservicestillc,theirdistributionisscattered,,andtheirgeneralservicecapacitiesareweakinsoftware,hardware,networking,platform,,interfacesareinsufficient,,personalprivacyprotectionandf,China,technologicalandapplicationbases,isformingawholesystem,,thescopeisnarrow,thescaleissmall,thesupportisweak,thecoretechnologieshavetobeimported,thestandardshavenotbeenestablished,thetransmissionfrequencyresourcesareinsufficient,thenetworkinformationsecurityandpersonalprivacyprotectionareyettobesolved,therearenooverallplanningandrationaldistribution,andlow-levelrepeatedconstructionandblindinvestmentarerampant.LiuYunzhong,spatialregulation,theregionalplansgenerallyrefertotheoverallarrangementofthesocialandeconomicdevelopmentandcomprehensivelandregulationinaspeci,theyarestrategies,programsandpolicyoptionsformulatedandimp,someregionalplanshavebeenmadeintonationalstrategies,,,,theyarenationalstrategiesapproved,circulatedoradoptedthroughdiscussionsinrecentyearsbytheStateCouncil;second,theyhavetypicalorientationofregionaleconomy,targetingatspecifictypesofregions,ratherthananmasterplanforthewholecountry;andthird,theregionaldevelopmentplanningisdifferentfromthefive-yearplanfornationalsocialandeconomicdevelopment,,thenationalstrategicregionalplansdiscussedinthisarticledonotcoverthemasterplanforurbandevelopment,provincialurbanplanning,re,therewere78regionalplansandrelevantpolicydocumentsmadeintonationalstrategiesfromJune21,2005whenShanghaiPudongNewAreacomprehensivereformpilotprogramwasapprovedbytheStateCounciluptoSeptember6,2012whenNanshaNewAreawasapproved,excludingstrategiesorguidelinesforgreatregionsincludingnortheastChina,centralandwesternregionssuchasXinjiang,Tibet,GuangxiandQinghaiandsomeoverlappingplanning/,centyears,somenewproble,first,withintensifiedregionalfactormobilityandregionalintegration,thesimpleplanningforadministrativeareascannolongermeettheregionaldevelopmentdemands,andemergingcross-regionalproblems(suchasriverbasinmanagement,eco-environmentalprotectionandetc.)urge,despitetheregionaldevelopmentmasterplansforeast,central,westandnortheastpartsofthecountry,theirwidecoverageleadstopoorfeasibility,orientationandeffectiveness,,astheglobalfinancialcrisistriggeredbyUSsubprimemortgagecrisiskeepsworsening,theglobaleconomymayenteralongperiodofdownturn,theexportandinvestment-drivendevelopmentcanhardlysustain,particularlythecoastalregionsinsoutheastareaofthecountry,andnewmeasuresandpolicesareurgentlynee,thenewroundofeconomicdevelopmentincoastalareassince1990shasfurtherwidenedtheregionalgap,andeffectivemeasuresshouldbetakentopromotetheeconomicdevelopmentincentralandwestregionsandotherunderdevelopedareas,,anumberofnationalstrategicregionalplanswereformulatedinrecentyears,focusingonacceleratingthedevelopmentofkeyareas,implementingmajordevelopmentandreformstrategies,ning,theyear2005and2006markedthebeginning,asonlytwocomprehensivereformpilotareasincludingShanghaiPudongNewAreaandTianjinBinhai,when43keyregionalplanswereapprovedfrom2007to2011,especiallyin2009,2010and2011when12,9and16nationalstrategicregionalplanswereformulatedrespectively,accountingfor70%,regionalplans,insteadofbeingformulatedinanintensiveway,havebeguntotargetonoldrevolutionarybaseareas,areasinhabitedbyethnicminorities,borderareasandpoverty-strickenareas,suchasrockydesertificationareasinYunnan,GuangxiandGuizhou,Wulingegorizedaccordingtotheircoverage,(east,central,westandnortheast),inter-province,,therearetwoplansfortherevitalizationofnortheastChinaandriseofthecentralregionrespectively,11inter-provincialplans,,theinter-provincialplansmostlycoverdifferentprovinces,includingtheYangtzeRiverDelta,PearlRiverDelta,Guanzhong-Tianshuiarea,forestzonesinGreaterKhinganMountainsandLesserKhinganMountains,Haixiarea,Qinghai-Tibet,Chengdu-Chongqing,Wulingshanarea,revolutionarybaseareasinShaanxi,GansuandNingxia,rockydesertificationareasinYunnan,,,sevenarefortheeast,threeforthenortheastandsixforthewestandcentralrespectively;andamongkeycityplans,14fortheeast,,intra-provincialplansandkeycityplanstakethelionsshareandaremainlyfortheeast,nginesofkeycities,andthoseforthewestregionstr,thenationalstrategicregionalplansfallintofourcategories,namelythenationalnewarea,regional(development)plans,(national)instructionsandcomprehensivereformarea(includingcomprehensivesupportingreformpilotareaandcomprehensivereformpilotarea).The35regionaldevelopmentplansaccountforabout2/3,includingspecialenvironmentalprotectionplans(regionalecologicaldevelopmentandenvironmentprotectionplanonQinghai-TibetPlateau),povertyalleviationplan,borderareadevelopmentandopeningupplan(pilotarea),developmentdemonstrationzone/ormulatedbytheStateCouncil,includingZhongyuanEconomicZone,Kashgar-KhorgosEconomicDevelopment,including10nationalcomprehensivesupportingreformpilotareas(ShanghaiPudong,TianjinBinhai,Chongqing,Chengdu,Wuhancityrim,Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtancitycluster,Shenzhen,ShenyangEconomicZone,ShanxiProvinceandXiamen)andthreenationalcomprehensivereformpilotareas(Yunnan,YiwuofZhejiangProvinceandWenzhouofZhejiangProvince).Thenationalnewareasarerepresentativenationalstrate,includingShanghaiPudongNewArea,TianjinBinhaiNewArea,ChongqingLiangjiangNewArea,ZhejiangZhoushanIslandsNewArea,,althoughplanningdocumentsfordifferentregionshavedifferentnature,theyonlydifferinpolicyfocusandthepreferentialdegree,andarethesameintermsofthecoretargetandtheirpromotionalroleinregionaldevelopment.

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        坚持“两战都要赢” 实现农业强农村美农民富 省委农村工作会议在杭召开 车俊袁家军作批示 郑栅洁讲话

        —Analysison2010EconomicPerformanceandProspectsfor2011DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceSincethebeginningoftheyearandwiththeimplementationofaseriesofmacroeconomicpolicies,soaringcommoditypricesaregettingstabilized,assetbubblesarebeingreduced,andeconomicgrowthfallsbackquarteronquarterwhilestillkeepingahighgrowthrate,,theenvironmentofexternaldevelopmentisslightlybetterthanthatoflastyelayastablerebound,reachingaround9%,thegovernmentshouldactivelypromotereformsinrelevantfields,acceleratetheadjustmentofeconomicstructureandthetransitionofdevelopmentmode,soastolayasolutionatthebeginningofthisyear,activechangeshavetakenplaceinthedynamicstructureofeconomicgrowth,formingasoundpatterninwhichinvestment,consu,thesoaringcommoditypriceshavebecomestabilized,addressingissuesarisingfromtheint,Chinaseconomyswiftlyreverse,t,thegovernment-ledinvestmentgrowthhasbeenongradualdecline,,governmentbudgetaryandstate-ownedenterprise%%respectively,%%respectively;theinvestmentbydome%whichwasslightlylowerthanthelevelinlastyear(%);theinves%,%,%,resultingmainlyfromhigh-spe,thestimuluseconomicpoliciesi,homeappliances,furnitureandtourism,th%,afterallowingforretailprices,,bothdynamicsandefficiencyofpolicystimulusmeasureswereweakened,publicfinanceexpendituresinpeopleslivelihoodincludingsocialsecurity,employment,medical,residents,theactualgrowthofgrossretailsalesofsocialconsumergoodshasbeenstabilizedatahighlevel,%.2.ExportresumesswiftgrowthwithincreasingshareinglobaltotalDrivenbyglobaleconomysreboundingandincreasedexternaldemand,China;,%yearonyear,sexportsharestillkeepsincreasinginthewholeworld,%,Chinasexportwasseverelyimpactedin2009,itsdropisstillmuchlowerthantheglobalaveragestandard,thenthesharewasontheriseagain,%.Anditishopefultobreakthrough10%,nearingthepeakvaluesofGermanysandJapansexporthasresumedthehigh-speedgrowthandtheshareofChina:,One,emergingeconomiesanddevelopingcountriesoccupiedmorethan50%exportmarket,theywereslightlyimpactedbyfinancialcrisisandstillkeepfasteconomicdevelopment,,theinternationalmarketingcompetitiveedgeamongprivateenterpriseshadbecomesharper,andtheexportgrowthofenterprisesinothertypeswhichwereprimarilybasedonprivateenterpriseswasobviouslyhig,theChinesegovernmentraisedexportrebaterate,increasingexportcredit,providingexportenterpriseswithmorefavorablemeasuresincludingfinancialsupports,soastoalleviatetheimpactoffinancialcrisistoexport-orientedenterprisesproductioncapacity,thenmajorityofenterprisesproductionwasbouncedback,.SoaringcommoditypricesgetstabilizedwithreducedrisksofassetpricingbubblesImpactedbynaturaldisasterssuchasunusuallycoldspellinearlyspring,floodthreatandpriceinflationofagriculturalproductsininternationalmarketandotherfactors,consumerpricesofhouseholdsinfirsteightmonthsobviouslywitnessedthefluctuantincreasingprocess,%inAugust,butcurrently,,theworldeconomicrecoverywassloweddownwithpricesofbulkcommoditiesbeingrelativelylowered,,althoughgrainoutputwasslightlycutthisyear,itisabundantinthestorageandstronginregulationcapacitywithpricesforpartsofagriculturalproductsbeingalmostclosetoandevenhigherthanpricesininternationalmarket,,theporkpricesincreasedinoffseason,hog/,thegrowthofconsumerpricesofhouseholdswillnotbehigherthanthereductionofthecarry-overeffectoflastyear,althoughboththesalesvolumeandhousingpricesinsomecitieswerereboundedtosomeextent,thesalesareaofcommercialresidentialbuildingshavepostedanegativegrowthsinceMay,somedevelopershavebeenpressedhardbytheshortageoffundsandthestockisobviouslyontherise,itisestimatedthatthehousingpriceswillbedroppedattheendofthisyear,,moneycreditsupplyhasalreadyreturnedtotheappropriategrowthlevel,bothoverheatedeconomyandinflati,sincethebeginningofthisyear,theimpetusofdomesticdemandgrowthturnedfrompolicypromotiontomarketdrivenwiththeexportbeingpromotedatafastspeed,indicatingthatChinaseconomicperformancehassuccessfullybrokenawayfromthenegativeimpactofglobaleconomiccrisis,,itwilldragthegrowingmomentumoftotalinvestmenttofall;theexportgrowthwasonthedeclinemonthbymonthafterMayaffectedbytheslowrecoveryofworldmajoreconomies,andChinaseconomicgrowthinthird%.Note:Thenitricoxide,%,42%and5%,CO2,hydrocarbon,sulfuroxide,carbonmonoxideandnitrogenoxideexhaustedbyautomotivefuelgassescanreduceby25%,80%,99%,90%and80%orso,:orEffectivelyAlleviatingChinasEnergyShortageandAirPollutionTheresource-richcleangasenergiesshouldbecomeanimportantoptionforthestrategicdecision-makingofChina,theenergysecurityhasbecomeincreasinglypregnantwithgrimpossibilitiesinChinaandChina%%respectivelyattheendof2012,,by,andsuc(,),withapotentialfordevelopmentonalargescaleandthere,Chinasgeologicalconventionalgasresourcesamountto52trillioncu,theshalegasresourcesareequivalenttonaturalgasresourcesinChina,,thegeologicalcoal-bedgasresourcesburied2,,,theoutputofChina,thecombustibleiceresourcesaremainlydistributedoverSouthChinaSeaandtheEastChinaSeaareasandintundraoftheQinghai-TibetPlateau,r,gasconsumptionwillgrowcontinuouslyandrapidlyinChinato230billioncubicmetersin2015andisexpectedtoreach400billioncubicmetersand800billioncubicmetersrespectivelyin2020and2030,accountingfor10%and15%,2030and2050,thecleangasenergiescanmakeup25%,35%and45%respectivelyofthenewlyincreasedprimaryenergyconsumptionstructureinChina,(15milliontonsofsulfurdioxide),(34milliontonsofsulfurdioxide)(54milliontonsofsulfurdioxide)respectivelyeachyear,andby2020and2050thecontributionrateofCO2emissionreductionwillreach20%and50%orso,,devotinggreaterefforttodevelopingcleangasenergiescanconsiderablyreduceemissionsbyCO2,SO2,NOX,,andwillbecomeanimportantchannelforeffectivelyalleviatingtheincreasinglyworseningairpollution.

        烟台市发展和改革委员会 办事指南 外商投资风电站项目(在国家依据总量控制制定的建设规划及年度开发指导规模内)核准

        ByXuXiaoqingZhangYunhua,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo133,2011Thepilotprojectonregionalmanagementoffarmproductquali,meetthequalitativerequirementofexportfarmprodu,theprovincehasmadetangibleachievementsinintroducingthere,theprovincehasmovedfromemphasizingthequalityandsafetyofexportfarmprodu,theregulatorysystemonfarmproductqualityandsafetyhasbecomesousRegionalManagementofQualityandSafetyofExportFarmProductsIn2006asJapancomprehensivelyintroducedtheaffirmationtableofagriculturalchemicalresiduesinfoodproductsandastheEuropeanUnionintroducedanewactonfoodsafetyandhygiene,thefoodandfarmproductsexportedbyChinawerefound,throughtesting,,China,about70%wererelatedtothepollutionarisingfromtheresiduesofpesticides,,theinspectionandquarantinebureauofShandongProvincebegantointroduceinthecityofAnqitiveandtestresources,tightenedtheoverallmanagementofpesticidesandanimaldrugswithintheregion,standardizedtheplanting,breeding,production,processing,supervisionandmanagementoffarmproducts,,theprovinceofShandongpopularizedthisregionalmanagementmodelto,theprovincialgovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelinesonAcceleratingtheBuildingofringtotheworkingmechanismfeaturinggovernmentleadership,departmentalinteraction,corporaterolesandmarketoperation,thedemonstrationareasadopteda"five-in-one""five-in-one"modelhighlightedthemainrolesofenterprises,thedependenceonbases,thefocusonstandards,,theagriculturalchemicalinputcontrolsystem,thequalityandsafetytraceabilitysystem,themonitoring,evaluationandwarningsystem,thecorporatequalityandsafetycreditsystem,ources,noillegalinputs,nomanagementblindspots,,,itintegratedforeignanddomesticmarketssothatmoreinternationallyqualifiedfarmp,regionalmanagementshiftedfromemp,theprovincesetanoverallrequirementforregionalmanagement:enforceinternationalstandards,integrateforeignanddomesticmarkets,buildShandongbrands,hainsupermarketssoastofullytaptheirrespectiveadvantages,widenmarketingchannelsfordemonstrationareas,andguidesupermarketstoestablishdirectprocurementbasesinoductQualityandSafetyThankstoyearsofefforts,theprovincehasintroducedtheregionalmanagementmodelonfar,24oftheseadministrativedivisionshavebeencertifiedasthe"demonstrationareasforthesafetyofexportfoodandfarmproducts".In2009,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationbegantointroduceShandong,theexperiencehasbeenpopularizedin261county-leveladministrativedivisionsinChinas27provinces,mendedbytheStateQualityandQuarantineAdministration,,,1,,coveringvegetables,meatproducts,aquaticproducts,fruits,sdemonstrationareas,theoverallqualityandsafetyoffarmproductshasimproved,w%,thenotificationsbyforeigncountriesoverthesafet,theresiduesofpesticidesandanimaldrugsin2010were66%,Shandong,up30%stotalfarmpro,thequalityoffarmproductssuppliedtodomesticmarketshasvisiblyimproved,,theprovincehasestablishedmorethan50enterprisestopairdemonstrationareaswithsupermarkets,morethan4,000directfarmproductprocurementbases,,,thefarmproductsproducedinWeihaienteredtheprocurementnetworksoftheJapaneseAeon,theSouthKoreanLotteandothermultinationalcompanies,,gingersawitsproducerpricerising100%anditsexportpricerising43%,,appleexportrevenuerose2,,,"RedFuji"apple,wascertifiedasgreenfood,~,theprs.

        盘锦市发展和改革委员会 动态要闻 国家发展改革委关于印发《美丽中国建设评估指标体系及实施方案》的通知

        ByXiangAnbo,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo72,sMineralResourcesCharacterizedbyaRichAggregateyetaPer-capitaInadequacyBeingvastinterritory,Chinaisabigproducer,,Chinastot,ataper-capitacalculation,Chinasmineralresourcesonlyaccountfor58%oftheworldaverage,edby"ThreeMajoritiesandOneDifficulty",completecategorieswithunsatisfactorystructureandarelativelyconcentrate,,onlysuchmineralresourceswithtraditionaladvantagesastungsten,stibium,rare-earth,graphiteandmagnesite,seetheirper-capitadepositsexceedingtheworldaverage,whilethedepositsofthestrategicmineralresourcesthatareofvitalimportancetothenationaleconomyandthepeopleslivelihood,suchasiron,manganese,chromium,copper,aluminum,goldandsilver,,copperandaluminum,onlycometo1/6,1/6and1/9oftheworldaverage,,ofthe45sortsofkeymineralresources,onlythesupplyof23sortscanbeguaranteed,whilethesupplyof10sortshastobeguaranteedthroughimportsoveraprotractedperiodoftimeand5sortsdependmainlyonimportsasaresultofscarcity;andby2020,onlythesupplyof6sortscanbeguaranteed,sseveremineralconstraintsarereflectedbymorethan10sortsofmineralresources,suchasironore,bauxite,copperore,uranium,sylvite,nickelandmanganeseore,,copper,aluminum,leadandzincareallconstraintmineralsofChina,andcopperandaluminumrestrainChinasumptionofresourcesChinasindustrializationdriveisaprocessofindustria,Chinasuffersmoreres,ChinaisenteringeousconditionstobeusedbyChinatorealizeitsmechanization,electrization,electronizationandinformatizationsynchronically,relatedstudieshavepredictedthatby2020whenChinainitiallyrealizesitsindustrialization,Chinasper-capitaannualconsumptionofmineralresourceswillpossiblybelo,duetoChinaslargepopulation,,Chinawillstillincreaseitsconsumptionofmineralresource,thecoefficientofelastic,inordertoensureadevelopmentfornext20years,Chinawillneedatleast30billiontonsofironore,rs,thegrowthofdepositsofChinasmajormineralresourceshasbeenslowerthantheincreaseofmineralproducts,andtheincreaseofmineralproductsha,%%in2005,andfellduring2006and2008,yetwentupagaintoanall-timehighof62%in2006(withtheactiveandtimelyadjustmentofthedemandmadebyChineseenterprisesaccordingtopriceupsanddownsasareasonablefactor).IntermsoftheperiodofChinasindustrializationandinviewoftheinternationalexperience,foralongperiodoftime,thecontradictionsbetweenthesupplyanddemandofsomemajorandpillarmineralproductsinChinawillstillcontinuetoaggravate,andtheoverallimportdependencewillincreaseertheforeignresourcurcesofironore,bauxiteandcopperore,ChinamainlydependsonAustralia,Brazil,IndiaandSouthAfricaforironore,onAustralia,IndiaandJamaicaforbauxite,andonChile,Mongolia,candtraderelationswiththesecountriesaswellasitsinvestmentinresourceindustriesofthesecountries.ByMaJunZongFangyu,ResearchTeamon"KeyAreasforInnovativeDevelopmentBasicResearch"ofDRCResearchReportNo108,2013(Total4357)InChina,thenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)accountsfor99%ofthetotalnumberofenterprises,providingmorethan80%ofurbanjobopportunitiesandcontributingabout60%ofChina,"highinput,highenergyconsumptionandhighemission"andat"lowcost,lowpricesandlowprofits".Employeesare"badlypaid,inaccessibletosocialsecurity,facedwithhighlaborintensityandpoorworkingconditions".Thus,SMEshavebecomethefocalanddifficultpointinChina,obstaclesincurredfromrelevantsystemsandmechethetransfcesofvariouscountries:one,,andtheirpurchase,,ononehand,privateenterprisesaredisinclinedtooffertechnicalserviceinformationowingtoinadequatereturnsand,ontheother,SMEsarelesscapableofacquiring,,technol,andtechnologyownersareinclinedtousetechnologiestodevelopproductstoea,agoodmanySMEsareunabletoconducttechnologyresear,theexternalityoftechputbySMEsmorethandoublestheenterprises,,smallan,strengthofChinasSMEsisbyfarlowerthandevelopedcountries,,duetotheimperfectionofChinastechnologymarket,SMEscaneasilygainadvancedequipmentinthemarket,suchasthepurchaseofadvancedequipmentandcomputersystemswithcashorbymeansoffinancelease,,enterprises,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinChinaarealsotryingtocatchupwithworldadvancedtechnologiesandaremainlyinvestinginmaturetechnologiesadoptedbydevelopedcountries,whereastheyarrmediarytechnicalserviceagencies,developedcountrieshaveachievedgoodresultsinincreasingtechnologysourcesandimprovingtechnology-applyingcapabilitiesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises. m-sizedandsmallenterprisesand,toimprovetheirdefectiveRDandtechnology-applyingcapabilities,bothcountrieshaveguidedRDinstitutionstodevelopappliedtechnologiesformedium-sizedandsmallenterprisesandsetupintermediarytechnicalserviceagenciestoenhancetheabilnterprisesAppliedtechnologyresearchanddevelopmentagenciesareamustforRD-deficient,therearelotsofindependently-runappliedtechnologyresearchanddevel,mostareengagedinthedevelopmentofappliedtechnologies,including:66researchinstitutesunderFraunhofer-Gesellschaftmainlyfundedbythefederalgovernment,86researchinstitutesundertheLeibniz-Gemeinschaft,16researchcentersunderHelmholtz,350researchinstitutionsorsoofcollegesanduniversitiesjointlyfundedbythefederalgovernmentandstategovernments,lynonprofitorganizations,suchasassociationsandfoundations,developmentinstitutionstodeveloptechnologiesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises:Firstly,theRDinstitutionswillsettheguidelineof"providingtechnicalservicesforenterprises"and,mostly,theywillnotcommercializ,theRDinstitutionswillsetupreasonablegovernancemechanisms,suchasestablishingcouncilsdominatedbyadiversityofexternalmembers,roveimportantmatters,guaranteetheimplementationoforganizati,governmentguidanceisexercisedbygovernmentofficersparticipatingindecision-makingoftheinstitutionsasmembersofthecouncilsand,moreimportantly,thegovernmentgivespartofthefundstotradeassociationsparticipatedmainlybysmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesformanagementandtradeassociationsrepresentingthedemandersguideRDinstitutionstocooperatewithsmall,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinGermanyarestrongandoftenentrustscientificresearchinstitutionstodeveloptechnologiesforenterprises.AcasestudyoffarmerTanYejunsaccountbooksinJilinProvinceconcerningchangesofgraingrowingcostbenefitoverthepastdecadeByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilJinSanlin,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo19,2013(Total4268)TanYejun,afarmerinSijiaziVillage,DalibaTown,QianguoCountyofJilinProvince,hasathree-memberfamily(Itwasasix-memberfamilytill2003;in2006,hissonanddaughtergotmarried,hencethepresentfamilysize),hehaskeptrecordingeachitemofincomeandexpense,whatevertheamount,fromtheincomeearnedthroughselling35,,Tanhasthreeaccountbookswhichgiveatrue-to-factp,acasestudyofTansaccountsshedslightonthesubstantialbenefitsthePartysagriculture-supportingpolicieshavebroughttograinproducersaswellastheprominentproblemsimpedingthegraingrowersIncomeGrowsYear-on-Year,WhichIsMainlyAttributabletoFavorablePolicies,ScaleOperationandRiseinGrainPriceThankstothepackageofagriculture-friendlypolicies,theTans,831yuanin2002toRMB118,698yuanin2011,;between2004and2011,%ayear,%%,theTanspercapitaincomereachedRMB39,500yuanin2011,attheupperlevelinhisvillage;theyhaveallthenecessaryhomeappliances,suchasthecomputer,refrigerator,colorTVandsoon,:JilinRuralHouseholdTansYearlyIncomefromGrainProductionFigure2GlobalAcreagesofMainGMCropCultivation1996~2009(millionhectares)Source:CliveJames,companiesaredominatingagro-biotechnologies,anddevelopedcountriesaredomi,morethan70%ofinsectresist,Bayer,Vanguard,(oneofthemostimportantinsectresistantgenes)whichhasbeenauthorizedbyChina,%ofweedkillerresistantgenesarecontrolledbyMonsanto,Bayer,,,theglobalmarketshareoftheworldtop10seedcompaniesrosefrom37%in1996to57%,Monsanto,DuPont-Vanguard,SyigentaandBayertogetheraccountedfor41%,theworldslargestseedcompany,nowdominatesthemarketsofsoybean,maize,rape,sPolicyonGMFCommercializationSincethe1990s,theChinesegovernmenthasbeencautiousaboutthecommercializationofGMcropsandespeciallythemainfoodcropssuchasrice,,ChinapromulgatedtheRegulationsontheAdministrationof,ChinahasformallyapprovedthecommercialproductionofGMcotton,tomato,sweetpepper,petunia,,"foodcrisis",however,China,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncilexaminedandapprovedinprincNovember2008aga,theMinistryofAgricultureapprovedthesafetycertificateforthreeGMvarieties,namelytwoGMricevarieties(Huahui-1andBtShanyou-63)andoneGMmaizevariety(BVLA430101).Thethreevarietiesmaygoforcommercialproductionafterobtainingthecertificateofvarietyapproval,,thePartyCentralCommitteesaidcommercializationofnewGMvarietieswouldbepromote,thepolicyonmainGMFvarietiesislikelytoswitchfromsGMFCropCommercializationThefirst-biotechnologyindustry,ssoonaspossibletoacceleratethedevelopmentofChinagncapitalcontroloverChinasseedindustryandbeharmfultothedevelopmentofChinaecologicalenvironmentandhumanhealth....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinance,theDRCResearchReportNo21,2012ThecomingfivetotenyearsarecriticalbothforChinaseconomicdevelopmentandforthegoverningoftheCommunistPartyofChina,giventheinadequatereformingeffortsandconsequentlytheincreasinglycompl,anditishel,Chinaisatacriticalmoment,"top-level"designatatimewhentheTwelfthFive-YearPlanhasjust,,wehadtomakeclearwhatitsgoal,,,confusionsanddoubts,tendencyofreformcannotbech,wearefacingsomenewissuesincludingmanyacutecontradictionswhichimpedesustainableeconomicdevelopment,socialstabilityandunderminethefoundationofthePartysruling,Therefore,thetop-leveldesignwetalkabouttodayisnotmereaboutthe,itisproblem-oriented,morespecifically,itisdevelopedtosolveinstitutionalproblemsunderlyingtheunsustainabledevelopmentofChinaseconomy,eliminaterisksforChinaseconomywhentheglobaldemandsweakenafterthecrisisoftheUnitedStatesandtheslowdownofChinaseconomicgrowth,andresolvesocialinstabilitycausedbysevererementionedproblemsandformulatemeasures,,ssocialandeconomicfields,includingscience,educationandhealth,therearemandastheonefortheTwelfthFive-YearPlanperiod,noroneliketheReportont,wewouldliketotoucheverysectorandeveryaspect;however,someofsuchquesnancin,thetop-leveldesigndealswithkeyproblemswhichmayaffectthewholesituation,aimstosolvecoreissuesandcontradictionswhichhaveexistedforlong,andtriestosolvemajorproblemswhichmayimpedethestablegrowthofChinaseco,thetop-leveldesigndoesnthavetobeall-inclusive,icharegenerallythetoughestissuesandhavearousedmostdiscontentandimpededorwillimpedethesocialstabilityandstableeconomicgrowth,anditshouldeffe,ideologicalstraitjacketneedstoberemoved,,,itshouldstartfromthesupremeinterestofthecountrysstability,aimatsocialstabilityandsustainableeconomicdevelopmentanddirectlyfacewhateverproblemswemeetinapracticalandrealisticway,,wearetoblameforleavingsomanyeconomicprobl,thepastdecadehasprovedthatasChinahasbecomethesecondlargesteconomyintheworldintheprocessofglobalization,massiveandknowdecisionsItis,,thereareopinionsoverseasthatChinaseconsGDPwillsurpassthatoftheUnitedStatesi,,thetop-leveldesignshallnotsimplyregardthepessimisticideasaboutChinaas"conspiracies",butregardthemaswarnings,findoutpossibilityofsystematicrisksafterChinaseconomicgrowthslowsdownandworkoutsolutions;ontheotherhand,weshouldnotblindlybelievethoseoptimisticideas,,ncingtheworldsinvestment,,solutionsandpoliciesfortheseproblemscannotbeworkedoutbydivorcingfromrealityorbyputtingasideothercountriesconcerns,interestsandpossiblecountermeasuresfollowingtheriseofChinaandthepossiblechangesintheworldenvironment.

        被告人康卓伟涉嫌犯合同诈骗罪一案

        Currently,Chinahasover4,000LEDenterprises,comprisingover50upstreamenterprises,over1,000packageenterprisesandover3,,theLEDlightingindustryhaspreliminarilyformedanindustrialdistributionpattern,whichcomprisesfourmajorconcentrationareas(thePearlRiverDelta,theYangtzeRiverDelta,theFujian-JiangxiRegionandtheNorthChinaRegion)andsevenmajorbases(Dalian,Shanghai,Shenzhen,Nanchang,Xiamen,YangzhouandShijiazhuang).Atpresent,alltheseconcentrationareasarebasica,whereLEDdevelopmenthasbeenfaster,claimsa70%nationalshareanda50%,includingeptaxialsliceproduction,chipmaking,rmanceandmarketdevelopmentoftheLEDindustryandintroducedahostofpoliciesontechnologiesandapplications,,aninter-departmentalandregional-participatednationalcoordinatingandleadinggroupforsemiconductorlightingw,a"nationalsemiconductorlightingproject",theChineseisesand,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnologypromulgatednineindustrialstandards,andtheStanIndustrypromulgatedin2009alsoexplicitly,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologylauncheda"10,000roadlampsin10cities",eachofthe10selectedcitiesmustinstallover10,000LEDlamps(roadlamps,tunnellamps,subwaylamps,gasstationlampsandbasementparkinglamps).Inlightofthetechnologicalefficiency,energy-savingefficiencyandeconomicandsocialefficienciesofLEDproducts,30%~50%oftheincreasedinvestment,comparedwithtraditionallighting,,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyauthoriz"2millionlampsin52cities",eachofthe50citiesmustinstall2millionsemiconductorlamps,ferfiscalsubsidiestopilotcitiesandraisetheratioofLEDlocalizationto70%.TheregionalgovernmentsinGuangdong,Shanghai,JiangsuandAnshuihavealsointro,theprovinceofGuangdongin2010promulgatedtheGuidelinesoftheGuangdongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentoftheLEDIndustry(draft),underwhicha600-million-yuanspecialfundwouldbeusedtosubsidizetheLEDlightingapplicationintheprovinceforthreeyears.

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        威海市发展和改革委员会 价格信息 威海市发展和改革委员会关于开展2019年度行政事业性收费统计报告工作的通知

        Beingofvitalsignificance,improvingpeopleslivelihoodis,especiallyaftertheconventionofthe16thCPCNationalCongress,Chinahasmademarkedprogressinthefieldsofimprovingpeopleslivelihood,whereasisfacinganumberofchallengesintheneweraincludingincompletesocialpolicysystem,,weshouldfurtherhighlightprioritiesandimprovethedevelopmentstrategyforpeoplesLivelihoodRequiresComprehensiveSocialEfforovingpeopleslivelihoodTheimprovementofpeopleslivelihoodrequiresthejointeffortsofindividuals,households,ocialprogress,,asthebasicunitofsocialactivities,playanirreplaceableroleinprovidingeconom,astheycanpromoteorganizedandstandardizedinterestexpression,coordinatetheinterestrelationshipbetweendifferentsocialgroupsinamoreefficientway,ialneedsatdifferentlevelsandfacilitatemutualhelp,nomicordera,wemustclarifyresponsibilitiesrespectivelyheldbytheindividuals,thehouseholds,andthestate,aswellasthosejointlysharedbytheindividuals,householdsandstateandthoseentrustedtosocialorganizations,inlightoftheeconomicdevelopment,publicneedsandfeaturesindifferentcasesandthegovernmentinetheattributesofallservicesasproducts,my,dailyneedsforclothing,food,housingandtransportationaremetbytheincomeoftheindividualandthehousehold;theold-aged,disabledandunemployedpeopleaswellasothervulnerablesocialgroupsshoulddependmoreonsocialinsuranceandsocialreliefsystem,,theassistanceissubjecttoastrictstandardalinsurance,overnment;andlifenecessitieslikepublictransportation,waterande,individualandhouseholds,socialorganizationsaremobilizedinmanycountrie,Chinahasmadegreatprogressinpolicymaking,butisstillbotheredbyunclearresponsibilities,,weshouldcarefullyanalyzeinternationalexperienceedfordifferentissuesconcerningpeopleslivelihood;besides,astandardadjustmenuldfocusonsystemconstructionandimprovementTheimprovementofpeopleslivelihoodrequiresthejointeffortsofthewholesociety,butthegovernmentplaysanundoubtedlycrucialandkeyrole,astheimprovementoftheeconomicandsocialorder,incomedistributionandcoordinationofinterestrelationshipsmustegovernmentresponsibilitiesforguaranteeingandimprovingpeopleslivelihoodisgenerallyclear,despitetheinfluenceofmanyfactorsandbehavior:first,,providetoeveryonewithopportunitiesasfairandfreeaspossible,encouragecompetition,laborandinnovation;second,,consideringthenaturaldifferenceincapabilityandendowmentofindividualsocialmembers,themarketrisksandacuteeffectsofexc,enhancingemployment,andintensifyingeffortsonbuildingafairmarkettopromoteequalprimaryincomedistribution,weshouldadjusttheresultoftheprimarydistributionbyusingpolicytoolssuchastax,socialsecurityandpublicservices;third,lyaddressthemarketmalfunctions,butalsoeffectivelyfulfillthefunctionofsecondaryincomedistribution,providefairerdevelopmentopportunitiesforvarioussocialmembers,significantlyenhancetheoverallwelfareandcreativityandpromotelastingandstableeconomicgrowth;andfourth,,weshouldbalancevariousinterestappealsandestablishandkeepimprovingandimplementingstrictlythelegalsystemonthatbasisandasperthedemocraticprinciple,safeguardpeople,weshouldestablishsmoothinterestexpressionchannelsandcoordinationanddialoguemechanismsthroughsystemconstruction,andachievewin-winresultsthroughmutualsupervisionandbalancebyindividuals,eandImprovementWithaviewtothesignificanceofpeopleslivelihoodtoeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandthelastingpeaceandstabilityofacountryandinlightofthepresentandfuturechallenges,weshouldobservetherequirementoftheCPCCentralCommitteetobuildaharmonioussocialistsocietyandreformguidelinesproposedinmanyimportantCPCconferences,reviewandsummarizedomesticandforeignexperience,,fulfillgovernmentresponsibilityandpromotesocialparticipationundertheprincipleoffairnessandharmonyandonthebasisofsystemconstructionandimprovement;andhighlightprotectionofpeopleseconomicandsocialrights,facilitateequalityandjusticebyaddressingpeoplesmajorconcernswhilefurtherimprovingpeoplesmaterialandculturallifeandallowingthemtobetterenjoythebenefitsofreformanddevelopment,soastolayasolidfoundationforlastingstabilityandharmony.

        宁波市发展和改革委员会 通知公告 关于2019年度宁波市电力直接交易试点电力用户信息变更情况的公示(第二批)

        HanJun,XuXiaoqing,GuoJianjun,YuBaoping,QinZhongchun,ZhangYunhuaFanXuezhiResearchReportNo97,2010After30yearsofreformandopening-up,Chinasoverallnationalstrengthissignificantlyimproved,andChinahasenteredthestagewhereindustrypromotesagricultureandurbanareaselevateruralareaswithsignificantlyenhancedabilityofgettingindustrysupportingagricultureandurbanareassupportingruralareasAndruraldevelopmenthasalsoenteredanewstagewherethepoliciestoaidagricultureandbenefitfarmersarebasicallyformedandasystemframewoist,therewouldbenosurvivalguaranteetothewholesociety;withoutprosperousruralareas,therewouldbenostablefoundationforthewholesociety;withoutrichfarmers,thedevelopmentofmodernization,"12thFive-YearPlan",weshouldtakethereformanddevelopmentofcountrysideintotheconsiderationoftheoverallsituationofthecauseofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,andweshouldmakethearrangementunderthecircumstancesofdeepeneddevelopmentofindustrialization,urbanization,marketization,s17thNationalCongress,"greatbannerofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics",followtheguidanceofDengXiaopingTheoryandthethoughtofThreeRepresents,thoroughlyapply"ScientificOutlookonDevelopment",balanceurbanandruraldevelopment,andtakeissuesfacingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersasthetoppriorityofthePartyalconstructionasChinassocialandeconomicstrategicbasisforfurtherdevelopment,andtaketheprogressofintegratingeconomicandsocialdevelopmentinurbanandruralareasasmajorstrategyofChina"givingmore,takinglessandlooseningcontrol",deepenruralreformandpushforwardtheinstitutionalinnovation,taketheroadofagriculturalmodernizationwithChinesecharacteristics,promotethestabledevelopmentinagriculture,growthinfarmersincomes,strivetoguaranteethebasicsupplyofmainfarmproducts,solveproblemsaboutlivelihoodinruralareas,andmakeprogreevelopedproduction,affluentlifeandasoundecologicalenvironment,andrealizeruralandurbanbenigninteractivity,"12thFive-YearPlan",guaranteethepredominantstatusoffamershouseholdbusinessandacceleratethe"TwoTransformations"agementonthebasisofhouseholdcontractmanagementisthebasicmanagementsysteminChinasruralareasandthecornerstoneforthePartyreformandinnovationmustlieinthefactthatonthebasisofguaranteeingfarmersfamily-orientedcontractoperation,weshouldcombinetheseadvantagesoffamilysdecentralizedoperationwiththoseofunifiedmanagementandservices,acceleratethe"TwoTransformations"inthemodeofagriculturaloperation,suchashouseholdoperationtransformingtowardadoptingadvancedtechnologyandmeansofproduction,unifiedmanagementdevelopingtowardcooperationandco-managementwithfarmers,soastoformadiversified,sagriculturaldevelopments,thehouseholdmanagementdoesnotonlyapplytotraditionalagriculturewhichisbasedonmanuallabor,butisalsoinlinewithmodernagr,wedonothavetoworryabouttheissupractices,thesmall-sizedlandmanagementpatterndoesnotrepeltheapplicationofadvancedagriculturaltechnologies,suchashigh-qualityseeds,fertilizers,pesticides,irrigationtechniquesandsoon,anditisnotstronglyconnectedwithfarmerslandmanagement;Andfortheuseofagriculturalmachines,althoughthosefarmerswithscaledfarmingmaybelimitedtosomeextent,theycanstillrealizehighermechanizationandapplicationefficiencybypurchasingsuitableagriculturathatthereisnopossibilitytotaketheroadofdevelopedEuropeanandAmerimproveintensificationofhouseholdoperation,,theefficientpetty-farmereconomicregimeisthebasicsocialmechanismforthecountrieswithlargepopulationandlimitedfarmlandtoguaranteefarmersspecificnationalconditionswithahugepopulationandlimitedfarmland,theimprovementofagriculturalmodernizationwillmainlyfocusonconsistentfamily-orientedmanagementandtheprincipleoffarmlandonlyforagriculturaluse,encouragingconcentrationoflandtoprofessionalfarmers,guaranteeingfarmersoperationandbenefits,avoidingindustrialandcommercialenterprisesfromleasingfarmerscontractedfarmlandforlongtimeandinlargesize,sunifiedmanagementregimeandimprovethedegreeoffarmers,itisstillhardforChineseagriculturesunifiedmanagementandserviceregimetomeetrequirementsofmodernagriculturetractmanagement,,collectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelinsomedevelopedareaswithadequatefinancialresourcescanprovideunifiedservicetofarmers,butmajorityofcollectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelwithhumbleincomemaylevel,giveafurtherfullplaytocollectiveorganizationscapabilityatcountrysidelevelinaspectsofunifiedmanagementandservice,andreinforcethevillages,cooperativesasthestrategicmeasuresfunctionsinorganizingfarmers,implementingpoliciesandgearingupformarketaccordingtotheprincipleof"servingfarmers,givingfarmersrighttojoinandleavecooperativesonavoluntarybasis,,givingfarmersequalrightsandenactingademocraticmanagement".Weshouldreinforcethesupporttospecializedfarmerscooperatives,fulfillLawsofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonSpecializedFarmersCooperatives,supportthedevelopmentofspecializedfarmerscooperativesintheaspectsoffiscalallocation,taxpreference,financialsupportandsoon,enhanceitscapabilityandlevelofservingagriculturalindustry,andmakeittobethemodernagriculturalorganizationinguidisnon-profitagriculturalserviceorganizations,variouskindsofagriculturalsocializedserviceorganizations,industrialmanagementorganizations,andleadingenterpriseswiththeparticipationoffarmersforindustrializedoperationsallpla,promotereformandconstructionofagriculturaltechnologypopularization,strengthennonprofitservice,improveorganizationandserviceteam,establishfundprotectionmechanism,,givefullplaytotwomechanismscapabilitiesincludinggovernmentalguidanceandmarketdrive,quickencultivationofallkindsofagriculturessocializedserviceorganizations,andpromotecomprehensiveservicesinthefieldsofinformation,technology,purchaseandselling,finance,agriculturalmachinesandsoon.Therapiddevelopmentoftheserviceindustryhasbeenamajortrendintheglobaleconomicstructuraladjustment,andChinacouldtakethisopportunitytomakeabreakthroug,theChineseeconomywillencountersuchopportunitiesasdeepeningthereform,expandingdomesticdemandandenhancingthecountrysstatusininternationaldivisionoflabor,andconditions,andbasedonthelawofevolutionfortheinternalstructuresoftheserviceindustriesoftypicalindustrializedcounties,suchastheUnitedStates,France,Germany,JapanandSouthKorea,thispaperanalyzesthedevelopmentofChinasserviceindustryandlooksaheadonthefuturedevelopmentofthecountrysServiceIndustryandItsMainFeaturesInternationalexperiencegainedinthedevelopmentoftheserviceindustryshowsthatthedevelopmentofserviceindustryinChinaisparallelwiththeindustrialdevelopment,andthecircu,theinternalrestructuringofChinasserviceindustrytalliesbasicallywiththefactsandexperiencespresentedbytypicalindustrializedcountriesandthedevelopmentoftheproducerservicestallieshighlywithinternationalexperiences;yettheoverallleveloftheserviceindustryfallsshortand,inparticular,theaddedvalueoftheciopment,withitsproportiononaratherlowsideSincethereformandopeningup,China~2011,%inrealterms,%duringthesameperiod,,~2011,theannu%,~,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChina%%,Chinasper-capitaGDPtopped5,430USdollars(calculatedinUSDatcurrentprices),equivalentto8,594internationaldollars(calculatedininternationaldollarsin1990).Accordingtointernationalexperience,Chinasserviceindustryiswitnessingitssecond-stagedevelopment,namely,aperiodinwhichthedevelopment,in2011theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinasserviceindustryinthecountrysGDPwasalmost15percentagepointslowerthanthatofSouthKorea,27percentagepointslowerthanthatofGermanyandJapan,andmo,theproportionofChinasserviceindustrypresentsitselfidenticalwithinternationalexperiences,thedecreasingproportionoftheserviceindustryhasbeendwindlingincontrasttothedirectcomparisonsconductedinthesameyears,,thestatisticalunderesindustrybutdevelopsatalevelevidentlylowerthanthelevelfeaturingtypicalindustrializedcountriesduringsamedevelopmentperiodsAccordingtoSingelmanns"QuarteringMethod",resultsfromsortingouttheindustry-classifieddataonChinasserviceindustryfindthat,from1990suptothepresent,thecirculatingserviceindustryhasalwaysbeenthemostessentialindustryinChina~1996,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofthecirc%%,%,theproportionofthecirculatingindustryremainedrelativelystable,%in2010(Figure1).Figure1 ChangesinInternalStructureofChinasServiceIndustryDuring1991~2010Comparedtothesamedevelopmentperiodsexperiencedbytypicalindustrializedcountries,thedevelopmentlevelofChina,000~9,000internationaldollars,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinascirculatingserviceindustryturnedout6~10percentagepointsorsolowerthanthatoftheUnitedStates,FranceandSouthKorea,and3~5percentagepointslowerthanthatofJapanandGermany(Figure2).Figure2 ContrastbetweentheProportionofChinasCirculatingServiceIndustryandTypicalIndustrializedCountriesInaddition,comparisonoftherelationshipsbetweentheproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinascirculatingserviceindustryandsecondaryindustryandthatofJapan,SouthKoreaandFranceinthesameperiodofdevelopmentdemonstratesthatthedevelopmentofChinascirculatingserviceindustryisonthewholeconsistentwiththelawsrevealedbyinternationalexperience,thatis,duringthemiddleandlaterperiodsofindustrialization,theproportionofthe%featuringthecirculatingserviceindustriesofJapan,SouthKoreaandFrance,theproportionofChina,whichtallieshighlywiththatofthetypicalindustrializedcountriesduringthesamedevelopmentperiodsSince1990s,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinasproducerservicesinthecountry%%,thoughhitbyanarrayoffactorssuchastheinternationalfinancialcrisisin2008,theproportionofproducerserviceswentdownslightly,yettheindustrywasnothamperedseverely.ByLiuYong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo14,2013(Total4263)In2011,regionaleconomicgrowthdeclinedatlargeinChina,andinmostregionstheecono,economiesofvariousprovinces,%(aweightedaverageasperGRP),();GRPofvariousprovinces,();thepercapitaGRPofvariousprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitiescametoatotalof38,777yuan(being3,680yuanhigherthanthenationalstatistics).FollowingistheanalysisofChinasregionaleconomicdevelopmentpattern,,anoverviewofregionaleconomicdevelopmentinChinaindicatedthateconomicgrowthinChinascentralandwesternregionswasfasterthanthatintheeasternregion,thefocusofregionaleconomicgrowthandaggregatemovedwestwardcontinuously,therelativeregionalgapcontinuedtoshrinka,becosregionaleconomicgrowthwascharacterizedbythefactthateconomicgrowthwasfasterincentralandwesternregions,butslowerintheeasternregionsofChinawhilethefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiverandTianjinwitnessedthefastestgrowthByregion,economicgrowthofChinascentralandwesternregionssurpassedthatofeastChinain5yearsrunningby2011andthesurpassinggrowthcontinuedtoenlarge,;thefarwesternregionsawafastergrowththanthegrandcentralregion,formingagainasequencingoffarwesternregion,grandcentralregionandneweasternregion,andthegroactonChinaseasternregion,andthatthecentralgovernmentsintensifyingin"7+1"integratedeconomicareasthatregionswhereeconomicgrowthisfasterthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,thefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesofthePearlRiver,thenortheasternregionandthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYellowRiverand,regionswhereeconomicgrowthisslowerthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthecoastalareasofeastChina,forChinaandproducedahugeimpactonChina,amongothers,havebeenworsthitbythecrisis(coastalareasofsoutheastChinawereworsthitin2008).(SeeTable1).Table1 PatternandChangeoftheMacroeconomicandIntegratedEconomicAreasduring2002~2011ZhangLiqunChina,weshouldno,bytakingthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowthandtheintensifyingpressureofmarketcompetitionastheturningpoint,acceleratetheeconomicrestructuringan,suchastheunstabledemandintherealestatemarket,thedelayoftheprocessofurbanization,obstaclesagainstindustrialrestructuring,unclearpropertyrights,interestsandresponsibilitiesanddefectivefulfillmentofgovernmentduties,ralongperiodoftimeandisaleadingforceforexpandingconsumptionanddomesticdemandAtthepresenttimeandforalongperiodoftimeinthefuture,improvinglivingconditionsoftheChinesepeoplewi,carstockperthousandpersonshadreachedabout52inChina,whila,,(floorspace)inChina,whilethatofJapanandtheUnitedStatesamountedto42squaremeters(in2008)and74squaremeters(in2000),inclusiveofurbanizationprogress,fvitalimportancetoimprovingtheabilitytocombatexternalimpactandstabilizingeconomicgrowthSince2002,theconsumptionupgradingfocusedonhousitalretailsalesofconsumergoodshasexceeded50%.After2009,growthofdomesticdemandhasreliedtoalargee,particularlytheever-improvingcapabilityforthegrowthofconsumptiondemand,eofconsumptiongrowthsincethisyear3,,itispredictedthattheconsumptionwon,uncertaintiesmayincreaseevidentlsedonhousingandtransportationontoatrackofstableandsust(1)Linkinstitutionalbuildingcloselywithpolicyreadjustmentandguidehousingdemandtoastableandsusand,themostimportantistolevyhousingpropertytaxandthecapitalgainstax4,thatis,tolevytaxesonthos,weshouldactivelysupportandreasonablyguidethepurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownerstrativecontrolovermortgageloanssoastograduallyturntherigidpurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownersresidencesorforimprovinghomeownershousingconditionsintoaleadingforcebehindtherealestatemarketdemandandtoenhancethestabilityandsustainabilityofthegrowthoftherealestatemarketdemand.(2)ActivelycreateconditionsforentryofcarsintohouseholdsEndeavoringtoentercarsintohouseholdsisonthewholeinli,restrictingdisplacementandexhaustemissionsandlimitinguseofcars,weshouldimproveandstabilizepoliciestowardhouseholdcaruseasurbanizationUrbanizationprovidesthewidestspaceforsupportingChina,byOctober2010,Chinasurbanpopulation(permanentresidentpopulation)hadtotaled667million,%.InternationalcomparisonssuggestthatChina,whatmeritsattentionisthat,accordingtohouseholdregisters,Chinasnon-agriculturalpopulationreached450millionin2009,meaning,wewillgiveurbanhouseholdregisterstoabout500millionregister-freeurbanandruralpopulationsinChina,in31yearsfrom1978to2009,thenumberofpeo,weshouldbynomeansunderestimateChinasfutureurbani,governmentpublicserviceandlong-termplanforurbandevelopmentarethreebottleneckissuesrestrictingurbanizationprocess(1)AcceleratethereformofhouseholdregistrationsystemPilotpracticehasbe,themainproblemsexistintheopennessofthepublicwelfareandemploymentchancesthatarecloselylinkedwiththehouseholdregister,formofthehouseholdregistrationsystem.(2)EmphasisshouldbelaidonprovincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatustoexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsabilitytoofferpublicservicesToopenupurbanhouseholdregistration,wemustexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsonsystemtogetherwiththeacceleratedenhancementofgovernments,province-levelmunicipalities,provincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatus(%%ofallcities)accommodated32%formofthehouseholdregistrationsystemaswellasconstructionofgovernmentsutregistersinthesecities,wecouldexpeditetheenhancementofthepublicservicecapabilities,onthisbasis,integrateandstandardizethecontofthepublicservicesystemaccordingtourbanpopulationgrowthafterthehouseholdregistrationlimitationhasbeenloosenedsoastomatchtheimprovementoftheurbangovernmentpublicservicecapabilitiestotheneedforpopulationtransfertourbanareasandtoguaranteethegradualoverallopennessoftheurbanhouseholdregistrationsystem.ByChenChangsheng,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearch,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo102,2013(Total4351)Overthepastthreedecades,%,,ChinaspercapitaGDProsefromUS$154toUS$6,060,orfrom220internationaldollarsto9,100internationaldollarsbasedonpurchasingpowerparity,indic,Chinahasgrownfromasmalltraderwithashareoflessthan1%intheworldtothelargestexporterofgoodsandthelargestmanufactureroftheworld,$,Chinaisthesecondlargesteconomyintheworld,onlyaftertheUnitedStates,,,thecurrentstageofdevelopmentandthechangedworldeconomicorderhavebroughtdifferentfeaturestoChina,andtheeconomicoperationwillbecomemorefragile,usheringin,therewillbeadiminishedadvantageoflow-costlabor,,peoplebecomelesswillingtohavechildren,andthelong-,Chinawillseeademographicstructurefeaturinglowbirthrate,,dragthesavingsratedown,,inves,ewhatadvancedcountieshaveachievedforyearsisthattheformercancapitalizeexistingadvancedtechnologiesandsystemstoenhancefastthetotalfactorsproductivity(TFP).However,theycouldonlygetlimitedfrontiertechnologiesandountrieswillseesteppeddeclineanddropsignificantlywhenpercapitaGDPreachesabout10,,thetechnologicalstrideswillobviouslyslowdown,,thespaceformoredduction,,ontheonehand,fastincreasingdemandforimportantindustrialproductsandcapitalgoodsasevidencedbyhikingoutputofsteel,electricity,auto,cementandhouseholdappliance,andontheotherhand,theconcentrationofpopulationandrelevantfactors,increasingintegrationofdomesticmarketandfastenhancementoftheurbanalueandtheurbanizationratewillgrowslowerwhenthepercapitaGDPreachesabout11,ialproductsinChina,theabsolutepeakvalueorthegrowthpeakvalueoftheoutputofsteel,cement,,sswiftinvolvementinglobalizationhasexpandeditsexternaldem,Chinasshareintheworldtrade(11%),China,furtherupgradingofChinasexportswillbringstrongercompetitors(mainlydevelopedcountrieslikeEurope,AmericaandJapan)andturndifferentiatedcompetitionsintohomogeneouscompetitions,thereb,withcontinuouslyrisinglaborcost,Chinastraditionalexportadvantage,tsexportgrowthfromover20%toaround10%,rowthFollowingtheHigh-growthPeriodThehistoryofgrowthofvariouscountries(economies)aftertheIndustrialRevolutionindicatesthatthereareupsanddownswithth,catch-upeconomiescanalwaysmakeuseofexistingexperienceintechnology,management,market,systemandotv,ittakestheUK141yearsandtheUnitedStates109yearstoincreasetheirrespectivepercapitaGDPfrom1,800internationaldollarsto11,,SingaporeandHongKongSARofChinahaveonlyspent54,37and31yearsrespectivelytoreachthatgoal,,thelowertheoriginalpercapitaGDPis,thehighertheaveragegrowthrateisinthecatch-upprocess;thelatertheeconomytakesoff,,historyshowsthatnoteverytake-offeconomycansmoothlyachieveindustrializationandenjoysteadylanding,,atotalof101countriesandregionshaverankedamongglobalmiddle-incomecountriesaftershort-termfastgrowth,buttill2008,only13countriesandregionshadsuccessfullyj,SouthKorea,TaiwanandHongKongSARofChina,PuertoRico,Mauritius,SingaporeandIsrael,etc..However,mostcountriesandregio"middle-incometrap"featuringeconomicstagnationandevensetbackduetovariousreasons,typicallyrepresentedbysomeLatinAmericancountriesandanumberofstatesfromformerSovietUnionandEasternEurope.

        网上自学制枪 漳平一男子领刑

        ByDaiJianjun,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo123,2010Thecementindustryisabasicindustryconsumi,theworldadvancedcementmanufacturingcountrieshascementoutputhasrankedfirstintheworld,yetthereisstilladifferencebetweenChinademissionreductionforthecementindustryandtoboosttheupgradingoftheindustryisofvita:ToRealizeEnergyConservationandEnvironmentalProtectionthroughTechnicalInnovationByconsolidatingthetechnicalresearchanddevelopmentofthecirculareconomyofthecementindustry,developedcountriesareconstantlystridingforwardtowardsenergyconservationandenvironmentalprot.EnergyresourcesconservatonbyusingindustrialwastesandtrashtoproducecementThecementindustrycanusethemajorityoftoxicandharmfulwastesasblendedmaterialincement1,assubstitutecementrawmaterialorasthealternativefuelsforthecementkilnwithoutcausingsecondarypollution,withoutusingspecialequi,~2007,theaverageamountofthematerialblendedintocementwentupfrom7%%inJapan,11%%inGermanyand4%to6%esoftheblendedmaterialhasenabledthematerialtoreplacecementclinke,,theproportionofheatprovidedbyalternativefuelsofthecementindustryinaggregateheatconsumedbycementclinkerthroughoutthecountrywentupfrom15%orsoto40%~50%(80%inHolland,rankingtop)incountriesofWestandNorthEuropeandfrom5%to15%%~90%incountriesofWestEuropeand30%lewastes,incurringtheleakageoftheburnedashescausingsecondarypollution,therefore,,thecoalsubstitutionratepresentedbythealternativefuelsofthecementindustrycametoapproximately30%nTheheatfromexhaustgasdischargedfromcementproductionaccountsformorethan30%peratureexhaustgasdischargedfromthece,nearly80%ofthe64cementkilnsinvestedbyJapanwereinstalledwithlow-temperaturecogenerationequipment,recycling48%,theUSCementAssociationclaimedthatthenewdry-processcemelpollutionBulkcementcarriersarefavorableforresourceconservation,p,bulkcementcanbeloaded,transported,storedandusedinasealed-offwaydirectlywithspecialequipment(tank-bodiedvehicles,vesselsandwarehouses),reducingresourceconsumptiononthepackagi~1975,%%,%%inmid-1950sand90%in1970sandnowremainsat95%,BritainandNorthEuropeancountriesallremainsaround70%.Inrecentyears,handling,transportationandstorageofcementpackedinbulkhavebeenalsorequiredinAsianandSoutheastAsiancountries(suchasSouthKoreaandSingapore).mentIndustrythroughTechnicalInnovationThecementind,thereweremorethan5,000cementmanufacturingenterprisesinChina,,%ofthenationaltotal,withlargeamountsofmineralresources,suchaslimestone,clayandgypsum,%ofthenationaltotal,theamountofdust(smoke)hasconstitutedmorethan30%ofthenationaltotalandtheamountofsulfurdi,,theenterprisesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmentadoptedadvancedrotary-kilntechnologies,,thecementoutputgener,thankstothelessconstructioninvestmentandshortconstructionperiod,~2000,whencementproductiontechnologystructureexperiencedsomechangesinChina,theratioofcementproducedwithsuchadvancedtechnologiesasrotarykilnwasconstantlydecreasing,whiletheratioofcementproducedwithsuchsmall-scalebackwardtechnologiesasshaftkilnwasincreasing,makingup80%,withitsqualitybeingpooryetwithahighconsumptionofresources,aseriousenvironmentalpollutionandalowlaborproductivity,waseliminatedearlyindevelo,effortshavebeensteppeduptoacceleratetheadjustmentofthei,byintegratingtechnologyintroduction,technologyassimilationandindependentdevelopment,Chinastartedtheresearchandde,thelate-modeldry-processcementpr,,theproportionofthedry-processcementaccountedfor70%ofthetotalcementoutput,winningini,theChinesecemententerprisesalsopushedthelump-sumcontractingincludingChina-madecompleteequipmentontotheinternationalmarket,makingup37%ofthekindontheinternationalmarketin2007.--Ananalysisofeconomicsituationin2011andprospectsfor2012DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceInthecontextofabigpressureofdomesticpriceriseandthecontinuousinternationaleconomicupheaval,theCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncil,bykeepingtothesetmacro-control,policyinlightofactualeconomicperformancewithaforward-lookingmannerandseekingbalanceinpricecontrol,smoothgrowthandstructuralreadjustment,haveeffectivelycontainedtheexcessivel,theworldeconomicsituationin2012wouldbecomesophisticatedand,asbigcountriesliketheUnitedStates,Germany,FranceandRussiawouldhavegovernmentelection,sdomesticdemandisalsounderthepressureofslowdown,andlatentriskshaveincreasedinsuchfieldsastherealestatemarket,theinvestmentandfinentmonetarypolicy,weneedtointensifytheelasticityandflexibilityofmacroeconomicpolicies,furtherreleasethevitalityandpotentialsofmicro-subjects,endeavortowardoffandmitigatevarioussortsofrisks,activelyexpeditetheinstitutionalreformandstructuralreadjustmentandstrivetoachievesubstinningof2011,thegovernmenthas,astheprimarytask,,economicperfo%forthewholeyearAffectedbysuchfactorsastheweakeningbaseeffect,theimprovingmonetaryconditionsandthedecliningpricesofstaplecommodities,%inJuly,upbyabout5%,,thebroadmoney(M2)%,yearonyear,thenarrowmoney(M1)%,yearonyear,%,yearonyear,makingitpossibletorealizeassche,,theglobaleconomicgrowthhassloweddownevidently,plusriskavoidanceonthemarket,theUSdollarhasreboundedshortly,pricesof,thefoodpricesh,,slightlyatover9%Inthefirst8months,investmentinthemanufacturingindustryandinrealestatemarketgrewrapidly,yetgrowthofinvestmentinsuchinfrastructurefacilitiesascommunicationsandelectricalpowersloweddownevidently,andthefixedassetinvestmentgrewby25%.Asvehicleandhousing-relatedconsumptiongrowthdeclinedmarkedly,,theslowdownoftheworldeconomicgrowthhasnotyetproducedremarkableinfluenceoverChina,%.Itispredictedthattheyearlyexportswillgrowby20%,themoderatedeclineofthegrowthoftheaggregatedemandsince2011hasbeenmainlyaresultofactivecontrolthroughmacro-economicpolicies,whichisbeneficialtocontrolling%inthefirsthalfoftheyear,%.,%,yearonyear,%.,makin%,playinganactiveroleinstabilizingthegrowtho,theoverallimplementationoftherestrictionpolicyonhousingpurchaseandthecollectionofpropertytaxonapiloingplatformshascontainedtheever-growingcreditrisksandlocalfinancialrisksrelatedtolandandrealestatesectors,playinga,urbanandruralareasaswellasinternalandexternalmarketshasbeenimprovedEconomicdevelop,GDPof18provincesandregionsgrewbymorethan13%,,provincesandregionswhoseGDPgr,theriseofpricesoffarmproduceandtheimplementationofvariousagriculture-friendlypolicies,%inthefirsthalfof2011,bei%,positivechangeshavetakenplaceinChinasinternationalmarketsharehasincreasedanditsexportstodevelopingcountrieshaveaccountedformorethan50%.AndthenumberofChinastradesurplushasdecreased,%orso,andthebalancebetweenimportandexporthasimproved. 

        烟台市发展和改革委员会 政策解读 国家发展改革委有关负责人就能耗总量和强度“双控”目标完成情况有关问题答记者问

        ByGuShuzhong,ZhangLiangHongTao,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPolicies,theDRCResearchReportNo3,morehillyslopesdeterminetheimportantstatusofandrolesplayedbyhillyslopesintermsoflanddevelopmentandutilizationChinasmountainousregionsandhillylandsmakeup65%ofthecountry,thelandreclamationratehasbeenlowerthan10%,inZhejiang,70%aremountainousregions,23%areplainsand6%(15mumakeonehectare),,yettheareaofhillocksandgentleslopesisequivalenttothatofthearableland;theprovinceofYunnanhasapercentageof94%ofmountainousandsemi-mountainousregionsandapercentageofonly6%,plainsandbasinshavebeendevelopedconsiderablyandthoseareregionswherepopulation,,thepotentialfordevelopmentofthoseregionshavebecomelimited,yetthoseregionsareshoulderingtheresponsibilityandpressureofensuringeco,exploitingandutilizingmowlevelonthewholeandthepotentialsandprospectsforanoveralldevelopmentandutilizationarehugeandbroad(1),,suchhilloc,hillocksandgentleslopesareatypical"marginalland",amarginaltypeamongvarioustypesofland,thuscausingtheinstabilityoftheland,andchangesareapttohappeninusesofthelandandthelandiseasilyusedasforest,grass,arableandconstructionland,whichisusuallyknownas"marginalswitchofuses".(2)elopmentandutilizationofhillocksandgentleslopesinZhejiang,theprovincehas36millionmuintotalofutilizablehillocksandgentleslopes,ofwhich33millionmuaresuitableforfarming,%;,%;520,000muarehardtoutilize,%.TheareaofthehillocksandgentleslopesinZhejiangisequivalenttothatoftheprovincesarableland,yetthehillocksandgentleslopeshavelimitedpopulationandindustries,,thecountrywidehillocksandgentleslopesaccountforapproximately10%ofthetotallandarea,beingbasicallyequivalenttothenationalarablelandstock.(3)D:,residentiallandandinfrastructureland(road,drainage,sewagetreatment,trashtreatment,water-supplyandpower-supplyfacilities,etc.).Theselandtypescanbeusedaslandresourcesfortheconstructionofcitiesandtoweisureandlandscapeareasaccordingtotheirspecificconditionsandtheoverallplanning,whichisbeneficialtothemaintenanceoftheecologicalenvironmen,moreplainscanbeobtainedasarablelandthatismoresuitablefsarablelandthroughnecessaryproj,hillocksandgentleslopescanbeutilizedaslandresourcesfordevelopingnewenergyresources(windpowerandsolarpower).portantwayforrelievinglandshortageatpresentperiod(1)Theplightsofensuringtheeconomicdevelopmentandmain,urbanizationandmodernizationcurrentlytakingplaceinChina,therehasbeenarobustdemandforland,especiallylandforconstruction,,Chinaisconfronted,andwillbelongconfrontedwiththepressureandchallengeoffoodsecurityandtherehasbeenanever-increasingpressureandrequirementforprotectingarableland."Ensuringtheeconomicdevelopmentwhilemaintainingtherock-bottomamountofarableland"hasbeenandwillbe,withinalongperiodoftime,forconstruction.(2),thehillocksandgentleslopes,asthe"marginalland",havebecomethetargetandhopeforrelievingtheplights:constructionlandsupply,aswellasoneofthemainchannelsforprovidingimportantlandresourcesforindustrialization,urbanizationandconstructionofthenewcountryside;ablelandoccupiedforindustrialization,urbanizationandconstructionofthenewcountrysideandinfrastructurefacilitiesandforeffectivelyprotectingarableland;(thoughthechoiceisnowatissueandshouldnotbeadvocatedatpresent)forcomplementingarablelandresourcesaccordingtolocalconditions;tureandforgraduallyrealizingthemaximumefficiencybyutilizingthelandforfarming,constructionandforestpurposesaccordingtoactualconditions.ByZhangLiangGuShuzhong,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesResearchReportNo193,2011Extre,theincreasinglyglaringcontradictionbetweenrtagehasbecometheworstbottleneckimpairingurbandevelopmentandperformanceofBeijinguaranteewatersupplyinBeijing(1)Theamountofper-capitawaterresour,,calculationindicatesthattheamountofannualper-capitawaterresourcesisonly107cubicmeters,beingmuchlowerthantheinternationallyacknowledgedannualper-capitawatershortagecordonof1,000cubicmetersand,withtheever-increasingnumberofpermanentresidents,theamountofper-capitawaterresourceswillcontinuetodecrease.(2)Theamountofprecipitationandotherwatersuppliesareinseriousshortsup~2010was475millimeters,(ndgroundwaterresources),,theamountofaverageannualprecipitationhasdecreasedby20%inrecent11years,thetotalamountofwaterresourceshasdroppedby44%,thevolumeofentrywaterhasreducedby77%andtheamountofwaterresourcesfromMiyunReservoirandGuantingReservoirhasdecreasedby79%.Asaresult,theamountofusablewaterresourceshasdecreasedsharply.(3)Groundwaterresourceshavebeenoverlyextractedandtheamountofurban,Huairou,PingguandChangpingDistri,thegroundwaterlevelwasabout10metersdeepundergroundandthewaterlevelhasdroppedanannualaverageof3~beenobserved,,inwatersupplysecuritywillcontinuetoincreaseinBeijingduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodThe12thFive-YearPlanperiodwillbethemostdifficultperiodforwatersupplyinthehistoryofBeijingand,inparticular,thehardshortfall,thatduring2011~~,~,andt~,~etersrespectivelyin2009and2010that,throughsuchmeasuresascontinuingtooverlyextractgroundwater,drawingonMiyunReservoirandwideningtheuseofregeneratedwater,therewillstillbeahardshortfallof450millioncubicmetersinwatersupplyanddemandinthe6urbandistrictsofBeijing,ofwhichtheyearlywatershortageduring2011~2014willreach370million,380million,undertheSouth-NorthWaterDiversionProject,with800millioncubicmeterstobedistributedtotheurbanareas,butifextractionofemergencywaterresourcesisstopped,thetapwatersupplywellsareconservedandtheself-supplywellsarereplaced,,hewatersupplyrestraintswillbecomeallthemoreconspicuousWhenlocalwaterresourcesbecomelesscapableofmeetingwaterdemand,transferringwaterfromotherplac,Beijingsuccessivelytransferredwatertwicefromotherprovinces,withthefirsttransferfromHebeiwith200millioncu,Beijinghasponedfrom2010to2014,thediversionofwaterresourcescannotbeconductedonalargescalein3~5yearstime,therefore,transferringwaterfro,whendeterminingtransferprices,i,andrelevantecologicalcompensationswerenotgiventoplacesofwatersupply,thelocalinterestsweredirectlyimpaired,,HebeiandShanxiarewater-starvedprovinces,whicharesufferingfromwatersupplyshortfalls,thus,thetwoprovinceshavemuchdifficultytransferringwatertoBeijing,rojectsandwater-guzzlingprojectshavenotbeencontainedeffectivelyOnonehand,whennewly-builtprojects,afterdemonstrationanalysis,areputforwardforexaminationandapproval,,andtherelatedindicatorsareincomplete,plus,project-conductingunitsevadeexaminationsandfalselyreportwater-consumptioninformationnowandthen,incurringforcedwatersupplyaftertheprojectshavebeenstarted,,incaseofseriouswatershortage,s,intermsoftheservicesector,thenumberofso,000bathcenters,175golfcourses,22skiresortsandmorethan9,000carwashcentersinBeijingconsume10%orsoofthecitysyearlywaterconsumption.

        许达哲在省发改委调研:科学编制湖南“十四五”规划

        ByWangHui,GeneralOfficeofDRC,andJiaTaoWangJicheng,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo82,2012Currently,Chinaspolicytowardsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)hasscoredsomesuccessinrelievingburdensandovercomingdifficulties,includingreductionoftaxesandfees,subsidygranting,easingoffinancialstraitsandimprovementofbusinessenvironments,,skilltrainingandbusinessstartuptraining,heirmanagementofhumanresourcesandraisetheirmanagementlevels,butalsoanimportantchannelforimprovingtheskilltrainingandvocationaleducationsystem,nurturingmanagementpersonnelandimprovingworkersqualities,whichareofvitalimportancetoSMEsinenhancingtheirabilitiesforexistence,,trainingservicestoSMEsareofspecialstrategicimportancetotheimplementationofthestrategyofreinvigoratingChinathroughhumanresourcedevelopment,theconstructionofChinaintoaninnovation-orientedcountry,theaccelerationofthedevelopmentofburgeoningserviceindustries,theconstructionofharmoniousindustrialrelationsandthebo,SMEsrrvicesystemforSMEsisanimportantmeansforimprovingthedevelopainingservicesystemforSMEsisacompletesystemwhichincludesSMEsasdemanders,traininginstitutionsassuppliers,variouskindsoftrainingorganizationssuchasskilledworkersschools,aswellasgovernmentservicedepartments(institutions)ascoordinatorsforSMEsandrelevantpolicyresources,,withthegradualimprovementofpoliciestowardSMEsandinneedoftheenterpriserestructuringandupgradingandmarketcompetition,rapidprogresshasbeenmadeinChinainthegrowthoftrainingservicestoSMEs,andabusinessstartupandtrainingservicesystemhastakenshapeinitiallyunderthepositiveguidanceofboththeCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernments,withthewideparticipationbysocializedtrainingentitiesaswellasthesoundinteractionbetweenthegovernmentandthemarket,coveringskilltraining,,over11millionSMEshaveregisteredinChina,withtheself-employedinexcessof34million,mostofwhicharesmallinscale,,agrowingnumberofenterpriseshavefullycometorealizethatpersonneltrainingcanhelprealizemanagementenhancement,technologicalprogressandimprovementofeffectivenes(PrivateEnterprises)conductedbythecityofWuxiindicatesthatin201082%ofsurveyedenterprisesintendedtogivevocationaltrainingtotheiremployeesandthepercentageofsuchenterprisesreached98%,businessmanagement,marketingandprofessionalskillsaccountedfor47%,38%and22%,,by2010,thesizeofthebusinessmanagementandtrainingservicemarkethadreachedtheamountof75billionyuanorsoinChinaandmaintainedanaverageannualgrowthof25%oraboveonthewhole,%,particularlyformanagementtrainingandaredesiroustotaptheirmanagementpotentials,enhancetheirmanageme,theycanbedividedintothreetypes:first,trainingcompanieswithcorporatecapacities,whicharemarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;second,institutions,suchasskilledworkersschoolsandprofessionalschools,whichareanimportantintegralpartofChinasvocationaleducationsystemandaremarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;andthird,non-profittraininginstitutionssetupb,trainingcompanies,focusedmainlyonmanagementtraining,canprobefullyintoenterprisedemandandarebettermarket-adaptedand,byadoptingsuchservicepatternsasinternaltraining,openclasses,distanceeducationandjudgmentandconsultationinaflexibleway,canbettermeetthepersonalizeddemandsofenterprises,,000managementtrainingcompaniesinChina,rt,thetraininginstitutions,suchasskilledworkersschools,havearelativelygoodnumberofteachersandarecenteredonskilltraining,tupforboostingemploymentandmeetinglocaldemandforspecifichard-sough,therehadbeen2,988skilledworkers;therehadbeen3,192jobtrainingcentersand20,000privately-runtraininginstitutions,,thenumberofsuchinstitutionshadreached525,andnearly1/3oftheprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitieshavepreliminarilysetupservicesystemsatprovincial,,dependentontheirresourcesanddiplomaeducation,manycollegesanduniversitiesandresearchinstitutionsprovidetrainingservicesmainlyforentrepreneursofSMEsandforhighermanagementpersonneland,suchservicesare,inessence,animportantro,theCentralGovernmentandthelocalg,manyplaceshaveunveiledpersonnelplansandpoliciesondevelopmentofSMEsandhavetakeninnovationmethods,rationalizingofmechanismsandenla,theCentralGovernmentandlocalgovernmentshavegivensomebasicandnon-profittrainingactivities,suchastheGalaxyTrainingProgrambytheCentralGovernment,ExpertiseUpdatingProgramandtheManagementUpgradingPlanforSMEs,stypesofentrepreneurs,andShenzhenhascarriedouttrainingofleadingtal,Chinahas,atpresent,initiallyformedthetrainingservicesystemforSMEs,reflectingthepositiveresultsachievedinrecentyearsthroughtheimplementati,hugeandurgenttrainingdemandfromSMEshasbeenarealisticbasis,supportandinputfromtheCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernmentshavebeenanimportantguarantee,andtheunremittingmodelinnovationbytraininginstitutionsparticularlybymarket-orientedtrainingenterpriseshasbeenthesourceofvitality.ByZhangJunkuoHouYongzhi,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomy,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo036,odeThecharacterandfeaturesofapropermodeofdevelopmentarechangeableandarehighl,,industrializationandurbanizationhavedifferentprimarytasksandalsodifferentimpetuses,,intheprimarystageofindustrialization,accelerateddevelopmentisgenerallytheprimarytaskandincreasedmaterialca,however,betterdevelopmentisgenerallytheprimarytaskandtechnologicalinnovationandhumancapi,themodeofdevelopmentwearetryingtoshapeshouldbeconsistentwiththeprocessofChinasindustrializationandurbanizationandinconformitywiththeinternalandexternalenvironmentsofChina,itshouldbeamodeofdevelopmentthatiscomprehensive,coordinated,highlyefficient,universallybeneficial,,Chinasmodeofeconomicdevelopmentisfraughtwithprominentcontradictionsandproblems,whichhaveseriouslyaffectedthesteadyperformanceoftheeconomyatthemomentandalsoconst,,llyrestrained,thechangeofth,wemustconsiderbothnecesssassociatedwiththemodeofdevelopmentandalsothefactorsandtheirintensityaffectingthechangeofthemodeofdevelopment,webelievethatasu,Chinamustemphasizekeyareasandfocusontheeliminationofthep,itshouldestablishsystemsandmechanismstosupportscientificdevelop,theprominentcontradictionsassociatedwiththemodeofdevelopmentcanbevisiblyeased,andthemodeofdevelopmentwillbecomemorecompatiblewithChinasnationalcondit,ChinashouldfurtherimprovesystemsandmechanismssoastofundamentallyeliminatethesystemandpolicyfactorsthatimpedescientificdevelopmentandshouldformamodeofeconomicdevelopmentinconformitywithChina,coordinated,highlyefficient,universallybeneficial,(1),Chinasmodernizationshouldbeonethatfeaturescomprehensivedevelopment,includinghumandevelopment,insmprehensiveprogressineconomicconstruction,politicalconstruction,culturalconstruction,socialconstructionandecologicalconstruction.(2)ay,theeconomyandcoordinatethedevelopmentbetweeneconomyandsocietyandbetweeneconomyandnature.(3)sbasicnationalconditionsthatitspercapitanaturalendo,itmustworkhardtoboosttheutilizationefficiencyofnaturalresources,,thenewmodeofdevelopmentmusthelpoptimizetheallocationofresourcesandfactorsbetweendifferentsectorsandregionsandbetweenurbanandruralareassoastoenhancetheefficiencyofresourceallocation.(4)richfirstthroughhonestlaborandlegaloperationfordecades,allowingalsnewexpectations,butalsoaninevitablerequirementtopromoteharmoniouscoexistencebetweenvarioussocialclasses,expanddomesticdemand,opmentfruit.(5)enorth-southdevelopmentgapintheworldtodayisnotmainlybecausethecountriesinthenor,itismainlybecausethecountriesinthenorthhasmaintainedeconomicgrowthforoveracentury,whilethoseinthesouthhavefailedtoachievesusta,theChinesepeoplehavehadenoughtoeatandweaourcesandtheenvironmentandthatdevelopmentshouldacquirelastingimpetusthroughcontinuoustechnologicaladvanceandinnovation.(6),,sdhtofthechangestotheinternalandexternalconditionsandtotheenvironment.

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